Class notes.txt - Wilfrid Laurier University February 4th...

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Wilfrid Laurier University February 4th, 2020Sy 280 Quantitative Methods Beginning Qualitative Methods Lecture 5 & 6 Objectives 1. To move from thinking about knowing/knowers to think about and practicing producing knowledge using qualitative methods 2. Answering: not only , why do we, but also what it is that we do and how is it that we do it? All research is embedded in a particular society at a particular time and place and reflects that the society s ethical, political, economic, scholarly and practical concerns Qualitative Ontological and Epistemology Foundations ? Assumption 1: Any analy sis of society is made from some standpoint or perspective ? Assumption 2: Sociological Knowledge of the social world is Intersubjective ? Assumption 3: Social Research has political implications ? Assumption 4: Qualitative Research is often connected to Social Change Qualitative Research: Interpretive and Criticism Paradigms Roots and Development 1. Empathetic Understanding (Verstehen)a. The Great Appreciators b. Challenge the Traditional Hierarchy of Credibility (Becker 1967; van den Hoonard 2019) 2. Applied Research: understanding effects of a (social) policy or political change-understanding social problems and policy research 3. Social Change Research: ? Involves Praxis: social theory and every day practice interact and work together, offer direction to the path for social change ? Participatory Action Research (intervene IN the study to be supportive to the people studied; do work with the people studied); ? Institutional Ethnography ( discover and dislocate relationships of domination and subordination ) Qualitative Process theoretical Orientations Deductive Reasoning (rare): Begin with a theory , a hy pothesis, and apply or test to observe in the case study (work with Grand Theories) Inductive Reasoning (usually ): Begin with the case study , the subjects, and generalized or move to the theorizing (work with concepts, midlevel)Grounded theory (frequently ): A methodology that is intended to be used to develop theories by sy stematically gathering and analy zing field data ; begins with observed evidence. ; the analy sis must be made on the groundOur (Usual) Interrelated Foundations for Producing Knowledge 1. Ontological: Reality is Socially Constructed, truths 2. Epistemological:? Researcher Credibility , Participant standpoints, Meaning ? Reveal Hidden Power Structures, Voices of Marginalized 3. Theoretical; Inductive, Grounded Theory ? Informed and connected to existing research but seeks to develop original contributors from the data 4. Methods: Collect Data from qualitative processes Functions of Qualitative Social Research 1. Contextual (what): ? Describing the form or nature of what exists in the social world ( unpacking issues ) 2. Explanatory (why ): ? Examining the reasons for, or associations between, what exists (motivations, factors, influences, the formation of events, contextual explanation)3. Evaluative (How working?)? Appraising effectiveness of what exists 4. Generative (What now? What should be?) ?

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