Essay Exam 1.docx - 1 Ernestine Friedl says that the position of women is higher the more they are involved in(l primary subsistence(as owners or

Essay Exam 1.docx - 1 Ernestine Friedl says that the...

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1. Ernestine Friedl says that the position of women is higher the more they are involved in (l) primary subsistence (as owners or controllers, NOT merely as laborers) and (2) the PUBLIC distribution of the product of subsistence. Use this argument to account for the position of women in Kung society. Make sure you use both part (l) and part (2) of Friedl’s argument. (Don’t worry that Friedl’s argument is simplistic; she is not trying to say that women’s role in subsistence is the ONLY factor that affects their position in society.) Ernestine Friedl argues that women’s view in society is based on two components; their involvement as owners and controllers of primary subsistence, and also their public distribution of that primary subsistence. Friedl states that the more active in involvement women are in these two factors, the higher they will remain in their society. The Kung society in Nisa shows Friedl’s theory. In their hunting and gathering society, food is the primary subsistence of their culture, and Shostak describes how women in the Kung society have greater equality than most other societies because of their large roles in obtaining and distributing their food supply. Women are an important part to that, as they are, “[contributing] the majority (from 60 to 80 percent by weight) of the total food consumed,” which puts them in a strong position in their society. (Shostak 10) Not only are they in charge for the majority of the food gathered, they also control who to give the food to once they return. Once back, they have the freedom to choose how much to give to their families, and who to give the remaining food to among their village. Because, “the Kung economy is based on sharing,” a women’s role in distributing food makes them high in society. In many other societies, women are unable to make such large decisions to their primary subsistence because of a bigger part of their time being preoccupied by the children.
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