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bisc notes - 3 Macronutrient classes Carbohydrates Glucose...

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3 Macronutrient classes Carbohydrates Glucose containing compound Glucose is a monomer Amylase is a polymer Amylase and amylopectin are more in plants We make more glycogen. Proteins Polymers have 20 different kinds of amino acids. Connective tissues-don’t have an active functions “active” proteins Lipids Wide range of molecules Not very soluble in water Triglyceride 90% of lipids in food you eat Fat Cholesterol Water is a great transport system Cholesterol Ergosterol-is the plant version of cholesterol The people who have less cholesterol has more ergosterol which was the plant version Lipids are transporters A carbon atom Connected with 4 chemically different atoms or groups Sucrose Glucose-fructose-disaccharid Ergosterol could compete with cholesterol in getting absorbed by the body. Ergosterol is not dangerous, if eating the margarine developed in Finland increases the absorbsion of cholesterol which lowers cholesterol. Benocol is now on the markets. Smart balance-contains stanol esters, stanols looks very much like cholesterol Benocol and stanol reduces the absorption of dietary cholesterol. The most common elements in your body is carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and Nitrogen Outer most shell of any element can contain no more than 8 electrons An atom is most stable or lest reactive if the valence shell is either empty (no electrons) or completely full (8 electrons) Everything is working towards being less reactant The products are more stable then reactants Methane is a big contributor to global warming which is made mainly by plants and humans Carbon has the ability to make covalent bonds Carbon can combine with another carbon atom Oxygen-6 valence shell electrons
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Nitrogen element 7 has 5 valence shell electrons An acid releases a proton A proton is the nucleus of a hydrogen atom Vinegar is 6% solution of acetic acid Body mass index BMI 18-24.9 “Normal” 25-29.9 “overweight” The rate of obesity and diabetes has increased 50% in the last 10 years 12-19.5% of the US population Diabetes has increased from 4.9%-7.3% in the past 10 years
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bisc notes - 3 Macronutrient classes Carbohydrates Glucose...

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