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psy301notes - Learning(Behavioral Theory Classical...

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Learning (Behavioral) Theory Classical Conditioning: Pavlov (dogs); Watson (Little Albert) - Reflex-like response. Stimulus response. - Unconditioned stimulus (UCS) Unconditioned response (UCR) Not learned-built in. UCS=food; UCR=salivation Bell is initially neutral. Becomes conditioned stimulus, and salivation becomes CR. CS rat UCS noise UCR fear CS rat CR fear Operant Conditioning: Skinner. Voluntary responses. - Consequences of the response. Response environmental consequence Consequences will predict the likelihood that it will happen again. - If something good happens, you’ll probably do it again. - Increased frequency: 1. Positive Reinforcement : response followed by “reinforcer” (favorable outcome) Chances of response occurring again increases. • Primary reinforcers: everyone thinks they’re positive, everone needs it. Ex: Food, water, clothing, sex. • Secondary reinforcers: not naturally reinforcing. Some people sometimes like it.
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