Review sheet for Exam 1

Review sheet for Exam 1 - Review Sheet for Exam 1...

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Review Sheet for Exam 1 (Psychology 300, Fall 2007, Professor Yarlas) You are officially responsible for all material presented in Chapters 1 - 4 in Stangor, and all lecture material . However, the following is an outline of major topics from the book and the lecture that are most likely to appear on the exam. Topics not included in this outline are much less likely to appear on the exam. Specific topics you do not need to know for the exam are indicated in bolded italics . Chapter 1: Introduction to Research Know the general goal/purpose of scientific research (uncovering hidden laws/regularities/principles that predict and explain phenomena), and how this applies to psychology Know how the assumption that psychologists make about human behavior being nonrandom and predictable enables them to study human behavior using the scientific method Know the three elements that constitute the scientific approach: Systematic empiricism : that we do not form our understandings upon reason, logic, belief, intuition, opinion, etc., but rather base them upon empirical, objective data Production of public knowledge : that science does not occur in private, but rather there is complete transparency of one’s methods and data, and that the advancement of science occurs through publication of research in peer-reviewed outlets Falsifiability : that science can only address questions that can be empirically tested; that is, either supported by, or falsified by, empirical data Know why intuition/common-sense are not appropriate or effective guides for describing and explaining principles of human behavior (and how this relates to inherent human bias and subjectivity in the way we perceive and think about our world), and why empirical data yielded from methodologically rigorous, objective studies are a superior source of information Know that while science is less subjective than other methods, it is still not completely objective; it is not perfect, but rather the best approach (or at least among the best) of all possible alternatives Know the four general goals of psychological research: to describe, predict, explain, and control behavior Know the three categories of studies used in psychological research (descriptive studies , correlational studies , and experimental studies ): what characterizes and differentiates, and which of the 4 goals listed above are (or are not) met through each type of study [we
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touched upon this some in class, but it is given more focus in the book, so be sure to read pp. 13-19 carefully] Particularly, know the importance of establishing cause-effect relations among
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSY 300 taught by Professor Galen during the Fall '05 term at Grand Valley State University.

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Review sheet for Exam 1 - Review Sheet for Exam 1...

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