midtermpaper3 - Transracial Adoption 1 Introduction With...

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Transracial Adoption 1 Introduction With the growing number of children in foster care programs, the majority being children of minority backgrounds, the issue of transracial adoption continues to be controversial. There are organizations and researchers that believe that minority children need to be placed in homes of their same racial or ethnic group to ensure that they will fully benefit from their living situation. For example, Leslie Doty Hollingsworth, a professor of social work, believes that more needs to be done in finding minority families who wish to adopt so that minority children may be placed in the care of same-race parents. On the other side are those who believe that using race as a criteria for finding homes for foster children is not only discrimination, but also makes it more difficult for a minority child to be adopted. Ezra Griffith and Rachel Bergeron of Yale University’s psychiatry department believe that matching foster families with children by race will only lengthen the process, and perhaps “reinforce cultural stereotypes” (Griffith & Bergeron, 2006, p. 10). Using the two articles given, transracial adoption will, in this case, refer to black children being adopted by white families. After reviewing both sides of the argument and their theories on why transracial adoption should or should not be acceptable, I believe that race should not be a prominent factor in determining whether or not a family should be entitled to adopt a child. While there are many organizations which claim that African American children would be better off in a black home, there is no evidence supporting the claim that having a black child in a white home would be detrimental to the child’s development.
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Transracial Adoption 2 Pros and Cons After an increase in transracial adoptions in 1971, the National Association of Black Social Workers (NABSW) spoke out against it arguing that black children need to be adopted into black families where they can truly develop and feel comfortable as a black American. The association believes that white families cannot protect black children from our racist society, and that children would be cut off from their cultural ties to the black community (Hollingsworth 1998). Consequently, agencies in some states made race a top priority when placing children with foster and adopted families. Nevertheless, the number of white families interested in adopting is much larger than minority families, and the number of minority children waiting to be adopted is not getting any smaller. For many white families who wish to adopt, they may willingly adopt a child of a different race simply because such children are more prevalent (Hollingsworth, 1998, p. 14). The NABSW has gone as far as to say that transracial adoption is a “hostile act against
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midtermpaper3 - Transracial Adoption 1 Introduction With...

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