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Communications

Communications - Communication 16:01:00 ← Arbitrary(Check...

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Unformatted text preview: Communication 19/09/2007 16:01:00 ← Arbitrary? (Check notes from recitation) • Language groups assign symbols (words) as representations through consensual usage • There are about 6000 languages spoken on the planet today • Point to ponder?? If symbols are arbitrary, how do we ever manage to learn them?? ← Ambiguous • The meaning of symbols is flexible and contextual • Point to ponder?? If symbols are ambiguous, how can we ever determine their real meaning? ← Abstraction • Symbols are abstractions • Symbols stand for things, but are not the things they stand for. o Ex. The map is not the territory. • Point to ponder?? What happens if we confuse abstractions with reality? ← Abstract vs. concrete (Displacement) • Language makes it possible to think of and communicate about things that are not present in space or time. ← Cultural Rules • Regulative rules regulate communication in specific contexts. • Constitutive rules determine interpretation of certain communication acts. ← Two things to remember: • Regulative and constitutive rules- o Aren’t fixed; they are emergent. o Aren’t codified; they are simply learned • Point to ponder?? What is your role in establishing these rules?? • These rules are learned! ← Functions of language: • A way of speaking is a way of thinking (Ying-yang) • Speech comes first. Gives the possibility of higher-mental process. • Define phenomena • Evaluate phenomena • Organize experience • Allow hypothetical thinking • Allow self-reflection • Define relationships ← Language Defines: • The words we use to describe things (or people)… • Shape the way we think about those things… • And how we (may) respond to those things (or people). • Word or label?? o If we label people, is that how we think about them? ← Language evaluates: • Word choices result in judgments • judgments may result in attitudinal changes or actions o Can we speak in ways that avoid evaluation? ← Language organizes thought: • Language allows broad categorizing of people, experiences, concepts. • Stereotyping: classifying a person or experience based on knowledge of the category • Totalizing: one label represents the whole person. ← September 24, 2007 ← Concepts carried forward… • Let’s remember that… o Sense-making is an interpretive and symbolic process. o So, nonverbal stimuli are also processed through selective encoding, comparison, and combination....
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Communications - Communication 16:01:00 ← Arbitrary(Check...

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