Communications

Communications - Communication 19/09/2007 16:01:00...

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Unformatted text preview: Communication 19/09/2007 16:01:00 Arbitrary? (Check notes from recitation) Language groups assign symbols (words) as representations through consensual usage There are about 6000 languages spoken on the planet today Point to ponder?? If symbols are arbitrary, how do we ever manage to learn them?? Ambiguous The meaning of symbols is flexible and contextual Point to ponder?? If symbols are ambiguous, how can we ever determine their real meaning? Abstraction Symbols are abstractions Symbols stand for things, but are not the things they stand for. o Ex. The map is not the territory. Point to ponder?? What happens if we confuse abstractions with reality? Abstract vs. concrete (Displacement) Language makes it possible to think of and communicate about things that are not present in space or time. Cultural Rules Regulative rules regulate communication in specific contexts. Constitutive rules determine interpretation of certain communication acts. Two things to remember: Regulative and constitutive rules- o Arent fixed; they are emergent. o Arent codified; they are simply learned Point to ponder?? What is your role in establishing these rules?? These rules are learned! Functions of language: A way of speaking is a way of thinking (Ying-yang) Speech comes first. Gives the possibility of higher-mental process. Define phenomena Evaluate phenomena Organize experience Allow hypothetical thinking Allow self-reflection Define relationships Language Defines: The words we use to describe things (or people) Shape the way we think about those things And how we (may) respond to those things (or people). Word or label?? o If we label people, is that how we think about them? Language evaluates: Word choices result in judgments judgments may result in attitudinal changes or actions o Can we speak in ways that avoid evaluation? Language organizes thought: Language allows broad categorizing of people, experiences, concepts. Stereotyping: classifying a person or experience based on knowledge of the category Totalizing: one label represents the whole person. September 24, 2007 Concepts carried forward Lets remember that o Sense-making is an interpretive and symbolic process. o So, nonverbal stimuli are also processed through selective encoding, comparison, and combination....
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course COMM 1210 taught by Professor Britt,lori during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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Communications - Communication 19/09/2007 16:01:00...

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