psych_0206

psych_0206 - 02/06/2008 Cognition and Language 1. Cognition...

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02/06/2008 Cognition and Language 1. Cognition = thinking, gaining knowledge, dealing with knowledge, solving problems, mental imagery. 2. Language = a system of arbitrary symbols that can be combined to create an infinite # of Categorization Formations of cat. of concepts is one of the primary ways that we organize info about our world. We categorize people, objects, or events together when they have important qualities in common. A PRTOTYPE a familiar or typical example of category. We decide whether an object belongs in a category by determining how well it resembles the prototypical members of the category. The prototype approach = membership in a category is a matter of degrees, not a yes or no questions. Conceptual networks 1. Thinking about something usually means relating it to a network of related concepts. 2. This process is called spreading activation. 3. If you hear the word car you think of drive or road. Artificial categories
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psych_0206 - 02/06/2008 Cognition and Language 1. Cognition...

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