Chapter 15: Reconstruction, 1863-1877 - Chapter 15...

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Chapter 15: Reconstruction, 1863-1877 1. Reconstruction Plans of Lincoln and Johnson a. Lincoln’s Policies i. Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (1863) 1. Pardons for confederates who: a. Took an allegiance oath to the Union/Constitution b. Accepted the emancipation of slaves 2. A state government could be reestablished and seen as legitimate once 10% of voters took the aforementioned oath 3. All states had to rewrite constitutions to eliminate slavery ii. Wade-Davis Bill (1864) 1. More demanding/stringent terms for reconstruction (Congress) a. 50% required for loyalty oath b. Only non-confederates could vote for new constitution 2. Lincoln pocket-vetoed iii. Freedmen’s Bureau 1. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands a. Early welfare agency for those made destitute by the war b. Education--nearly 3,000 schools for freed blacks 2. Lost federal funding in 1870 iv. Lincoln’s Last Speech
1. Asked Northerners to accept Louisiana as a reconstructed state 2. Questioned whether freedment be allowed to vote 3.

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