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psych_0225 - 2/25/08 Wednesday 8th Week Psych 10 Notes...

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2/25/08 Wednesday 8 th Week Psych 10 Notes Social Psychology Cooperation and competition Altruism : What determines whether we’ll help and intervene? It depends Bystander Apathy People sometimes fail to intervene during a crime or accident The presence of many people during a crime creates a sense of diffusion of responsibility The case of Kitty Genovese Bystander Apathy Pluralistic ignorance is another explanation for this lack of action The prisoner’s dilemma A person must choose between a cooperative act or one very beneficial only to himself Reciprocal altruism = helping others with the understanding that they should eventually help us. Also called “tit for tat” Cultural Transmission We learned to coorperate instead of compete because other members of our community will punish us for not exhibiting al truistic behavior The more cooperative the culture, the greater the punishment for failing to exhibit altruism.
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psych_0225 - 2/25/08 Wednesday 8th Week Psych 10 Notes...

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