Chapter 14: The Civil War, 1861-1865 - Chapter 14 The Civil...

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Chapter 14: The Civil War, 1861-1865 1.The War Beginsi.Lincoln promised to challenge the secession of the south b.Fort Sumter i.Use of Executive Power 1.Lincoln often did things without the approval of congressa.“Indispensable to the public safety” c.Secession of the Upper South i.Only seven states (deep south) had seceded before the attack on Fort Sumter1.Four upper south states seceded soon after a.Because lincoln would use troops d.Keeping the Border States in the Unioni.Maryland 1.Martial law after railroad was threatened by pro-secessionists ii.Missouri 1.Presence of US troops stopped secessionists from gaining control iii.Kentucky
1.Legislature voted to remain neutral iv.Delawarev.Secession of these four states would have increased the Confederacy population by ½ vi.Lincoln rejected initial calls for emancipation e.Wartime Advantages i.Military 1.Confederacy fought defensive 2.Union had to take over--advantage in population and navy ii.Economic 1.Union dominated economy (banks/capital, factories, railroads, and farmlands) 2.Confederacy relied on European demand iii.Political 1.Confederates--independence a.Needed defined central government to win the war, but relied on states rights b.Hoped union would think war was too expensive, or turn on Lincoln 2.Union--preserve union

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