Reconstruction Notes.pdf - Midterm Review Notes...

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Midterm Review Notes Reconstruction plans of Lincoln and Johnson Andrew Johnson attempts to finish Lincoln’s reconstruction plans for the 11 former Confederate States Lincoln’s Policies Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction 1863 - Southern State governments remade so that Unioners are in charge and slavery ends Confederates who accepted slave emancipation and took loyalty oath to union got Presidential pardon State government reestablish when at least 10% of voters in the state took the loyalty oath Wade Davis Bill (1864) Republicans feared 10% plan would not stop secessionists from taking over Bill required 50% of the voters of a state to take a loyalty oath and permitted only non-Confederates to vote for a new state constitution Lincoln says no, doesn’t sign Freedmen's bureau Congress created the bureau of refugees Freedmen and abandoned lands (welfare agency) gives food, shelter and medical aid for those who cannot care for themselves due to the war both blacks and whites greatest success in education — Oliver o Howard establishes nearly 3000 schools for free blacks including several colleges Lincoln’s last speech encourage Northerners to except Louisiana as a reconstructed state that abolished slavery sounded like a radical Republican assassinated three days later
Johnson and Reconstruction White supremacist who is the Southern Democrat and clashed with Republicans in Congress Johnson’s Reconstruction Policy welcomed at first because of his animosity for the southern aristocrats who had a lead the confederacy in addition to Lincoln's terms Johnson’s policy provide for the disfranchisement (loss of the right to vote and hold office of) all former leaders and officeholders of the confederacy Confederates with more than $20,000 in taxable property President retain the power to grant individual pardons to disloyal Southerners escape clause for the wealthy planters many former Confederate leaders were back in the office by the fall of 1865 Southern Governments of 1865 all 11 of X Confederate states drew a constitution is that repudiating secession negated the deaths of Confederate government and ratify the 13th amendment abolishing slavery but did not grant voting rights to blacks allowed for former read leaders of the confederacy to win seats in Congress Black codes restricted the rights and movements of former slaves a. prohibited blacks from either renting land or borrowing money to buy land b. placed freedmen into a form of semi bondage by forcing them as “vagrants” or “apprentices” to sign work contracts contract labor system, in which blacks work for Cottonfield under white supervision preferred wages, seemed similar to slavery c. prohibited blacks from testifying against whites in courts North Republicans in Congress challenged the results of the elections in the south and refused to see Alexander Stevens former Confederate vice president Johnson’s vetoes

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