Psych Reading Notes Chapter 1

Psych Reading Notes Chapter 1 - PSYCHOLOGY AS A SOCIAL...

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PSYCHOLOGY AS A SOCIAL SCIENCE Chapter One- Reading Notes Psychology came from two Greek words, psyche, meaning soul and logos referring to the study of a subject Psychology emerged 125 years ago as a scientific discipline Psychology was created by combining philosophy and physiology. Prior each discipline dealt with questions about the mind via their own subject German Prof. Wilhelm Wundt ( 1832-1920 ) wanted to have psych its own subject 1879 Wundt established the first formal research laboratory for research in psych at the Uni. Of Leipzig 1881 Wundt established the first journal devoted to publishing research on pysch Wundt is considered the founder of psychology Wundt thought, psychology’s primary focus was consciousness and thus psychology became the study of conscious experience Caused psych to focus on the mind and mental processes but at the same time demanded it follow the rigors of chemists and physicists Studies in Wundt’s lab focused on memory, sensory processes, reaction time experiments Between 1883-1893 23 new psychological research labs created in US, Can G. Stanley Hall (1846-1924) established first US lab at John Hopkins in 1883 and in 1887 created first US psych journal. 1892 helped create (with 26 others) American Psychological Assoc. (APA) and was first pres. (currently has 155,000 members) 1 st two major schools of thought were structuralism and functionalism Structuralism - Edward Titchener , (taught at Cornell, Englishmen) the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related Work concerned sensation and perception in vision, hearing and touch Method of introspection - self observation of ones self, required training to make subject more objective and aware. Subjects exposed to tones, optical illusions and visual stimuli Functionalism - William James (1842-1910 , joined Harvard faculty in 1872 ) studied the focus/purpose of consciousness, rather than structure James wrote Principles of Psychology (1890) and it was highly influential According to James natural selection was important and it lead to his idea that consciousness must serve a purpose and is an important human characteristic and there we should study it’s FUNCTION not structure James thought consciousness was a continuous flow of thoughts and he studied static points in that flow
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Functionalists more interested in how people adapt their behavior to the
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Psych Reading Notes Chapter 1 - PSYCHOLOGY AS A SOCIAL...

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