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Unformatted text preview: PSYCHOLOGY AS A SOCIAL SCIENCE Chapter Two- Reading Notes • Three goals of psychologists: 1. measurement and description- need measurement techniques that make it possible to describe behavior clearly and precisely 2. understanding and prediction- to evaluate understanding psychologists make and test predictions called hypothesis’ 3. application and control- create theories which are systems of interrelated ideas used to explain a set of observations (must be testable) • There are five steps to scientific investigation 1. Formulate a testable hypothesis- must be clearly defined and is done so by providing operational definitions which describe the actions or operations that will be used to measure or control a variable 2. Select the research method and design the study- various methods (IE, experiments, case studies, surveys, naturalistic observation…) 3. Collect the Data- commonly used techniques include direct observation, questionnaires, interviews, psychological tests… SEE TABLE...
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- Spring '08
- Psychology, Extraneous Variables- variables, Naturalistic Observation- researcher, variables Naturalistic Observation