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Psych Reading Notes Chapter 14

Psych Reading Notes Chapter 14 - PSYCHOLOGY AS A SOCIAL...

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PSYCHOLOGY AS A SOCIAL SCIENCE Chapter Fourteen- Reading Notes Medical model of abnormal behavior – says it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease Diagnosis – involves distinguishing one illness from another Etiology – apparent causation and developmental history of an illness Prognosis – forecast about probable course of an illness Mental illness diagnosed on a variety of criteria Deviance – straying from what a culture considers acceptable, the norm Maladaptive Behavior – key criterion in diagnosis of substance abuse problems, behavior that interferes with a persons social or occupational functioning is impaired Personal Distress – individual report of great personal distress People are often viewed as disordered if just ONE of the criteria is met People are judged to have psych disorders when their behavior becomes extremely deviant, maladaptive or distressing In 1952 American Psychiatric Association unveiled Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders which described around 100 disorders but had sketchy diagnostic guidlines DSMMD was improved in diagnosis in 3 rd edition in 1980. Diagnostic criteria were much more explicit Called DSM system, currently on 4 th edition DSM IV Each edition has expanded upon the list of disorders DSM III in 1980 introduced a multiaxial system of classification which asks for judgments about individuals on five separate dimensions (axes) Axis I – Clinical Syndromes IE Depression, Eating Disorder, Drug Abuse Axis II – Personality Disorders or Mental Retardation Axis III – General Medical Conditions Axis IV – Psychosocial and Environmental Problems (IE negative life event) Axis V – Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale. 100 is Superior functioning in a wide range of activities, 10 is persistent danger of severely hurting self or others Diagnoses of disorders are made on Axis I and II remaining axis’s add supplemental information Epidemiology – study of distribution of mental or physical disorders in a population, 1980’s and 1990’s brought about great advances in this Prevalence – in epidemiology refers to the percentage of a population that exhibits a disorder during a specified time period Through lifelong prevalence and DSM III found psych disorders effect 1/3 of the population Hard to decide difference between normal difficulties in functioning and full fledged mental illness Most common types of psychological disorders are substance use disorders, anxiety disorders and mood disorders
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Anxiety disorders – marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety. Five principle types of anxiety disorders 1) Generalized 2) Phobic 3) Panic 4) Obsessive-compulsive 5) Posttraumatic Stress Anxiety disorders occur in roughly 19% of population Generalized Anxiety Disorder – marked by a chronic, high level of anxiety that is not tied to any specific threat. PEOPLE WORRY CONSTANTLY, Dread making
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Psych Reading Notes Chapter 14 - PSYCHOLOGY AS A SOCIAL...

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