Psych Reading Notes Chapter 15

Psych Reading Notes Chapter 15 - PSYCHOLOGY AS A SOCIAL...

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PSYCHOLOGY AS A SOCIAL SCIENCE Chapter Fifteen- Reading Notes Treatment of Psychological Disorders can be broken into three groups Insight Therapies – “talk therapy” in tradition of Freud’s psychoanalysis Behavioral Therapies – based on the principles of learning, behavioral therapists make direct efforts to alter problematic responses Biomedical Therapies – drug therapy and electroconvulsive (shock) therapy are the most common, usually only provided by physicians with a medical degree Two most common presenting problems are excessive anxiety and depression People often delay for many years before finally seeking treatment (median delay in bipolar was 6 years as well as drug dependence, 8 for depression and 10 for panic disorder) Women are more likely than men to receive therapy Two types of psychologists provide therapy Clinical Psychologists – emphasize on treatment of full fledged disorders Counseling Psychologists – specialize in treatment of everyday adjustment problems Psychiatrists – Physicians, who specialize in diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders, devote time to more severe disorders. Emphasize drug therapies Insight therapies – verbal interactions intended to enhance clients’ self-knowledge and thus promote healthful changes in personality and behavior Psychoanalysis – insight therapy that emphasizes recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives, and defenses through techniques such as free association and transference. Studied neuroses IE phobic, panic, OCD and conversion disorders Free association – clients spontaneously express their thoughts and feelings exactly as they occur with as little censorship as possible Dream Analysis – therapist interprets the symbolic meaning of clients’ dreams. Freud saw this as the most direct root into a persons inner most conflicts, wishes and impulses Interpretation – therapists attempts to explain the inner significance of the clients thoughts, feelings and memories and behaviors Resistance – largely unconscious defensive maneuvers intended to hinder progress of therapy Transference – when clients unconsciously start relating their therapist in ways that mimic critical relationships in their lives Changes in psychoanalysis is known as psychodynamic approaches Client Centered Therapy – insight therapy that emphasizes providing a supportive emotional climate for clients, who play a major role in determining the pace and direction of their therapy (Humanistic Perspective) Carl Rogers Rogers believes therapy must be provided in a warm, supportive and accepting environment that allows clients to confront their shortcomings without feeling threatened Therapists must provide three conditions
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Genuineness – honesty Unconditional Positive Regard – complete nonjudgmental acceptance of client Empathy – must understand the clients world from the clients point of view
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 202 taught by Professor Nezlek during the Spring '08 term at William & Mary.

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Psych Reading Notes Chapter 15 - PSYCHOLOGY AS A SOCIAL...

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