APUSH Chapter 2 Notes - Melanie Navaratna Mr Tshudy Period...

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Melanie NavaratnaMr. TshudyPeriod 2August 14, 2019Chapter 2 - The Planting of English America (1500-1733) NotesI.IntroductionA.African slaves worked on Caribbean and Brazilian sugar plantationsB.Spanish plant outpost at Santa Fe 1610, French at Quebec 1608, English at Jamestown, Virginia 1607II.England’s Imperial StirringsA.Religious conflict in England; King Henry VIII broke with Roman Catholic church (1530s) - launched English Protestant Reformation; Catholics battled Protestants; Protestant Elizabeth in throne - rivalry with Catholic SpainB.Catholic Irish wanted help from Catholic Spain to throw off Queen, were defeated; Protestant landlords placed in Catholic Irish landsIII.Elizabeth Energizes EnglandA.English buccaneers seized Spanish ships, raided settlements; Francis Drake completed circumnavigation, plundering the whole way - knighted by QueenB.First English attempt at colonization - Newfoundland; failed when Sir Humphrey Gilbert died 1583; half-brother Sir Walter Raleigh landed in North Carolina’s Roanoke Island off coast of Virginia; Raleigh’s colony vanishedC.Philip II of Spain organized invasion of England; Spanish defeated by English; Holland secured independence, Caribbean left Spain’s grasp; English began to explore; England and Spain sign peace treatyIV.England on the Eve of EmpireA.From 1550-1600 English population went from 3 to 4 million; economic depression in woolen trade (late 1500s) unemployed farmers; many thought overpopulatedB.Laws of primogeniture decreed let only eldest son inherit landed estate (Gilbert, Raleigh, Drake were younger sons); early 1600s joint-stock company formed - investors could pool capital; peace with Spain allowed English colonization; unemployment, adventure, markets, and religious freedom motivated peopleV.England Plants the Jamestown SeedlingA.Joint-stock company (Virginia Company of London) received charter from King James I of England for New World settlement; many went for gold and passage toIndies; charter granted same rights as people in EnglandB.Virginia Company’s ships landed near mouth of Chesapeake Bay; Indians attacked; colonists ended up on banks of James River (named after King); place was called Jamestown; many colonists died exploring 1606-07 and 1609 and from
disease, starvation, and malnutritionC.Captain John Smith (“saved” from mock execution by Indians by Pocahontas) took over 1608; many still struggled from hunger, even with Indian help; of 400 who came to Virginia by 1609, 60 lived the winter of 1609-1610Name, ReignRelation to AmericaHenry VII, 1485-1509Cabot voyages, 1497, 1498Henry VIII, 1509-1547English Reformation beganEdward VI, 1547-1553Strong Protestant tendencies“Bloody” Mary, 1553-1558Catholic reactionElizabeth I, 1558-1603Break with Roman Catholic Church final; Drake; Spanish Armada defeatedD.Colonists wanted to go home; relief party and new governor Lord De La Warr arrived; harsh military regime in colony and against Indians; ≈ 8000 people came to colonies, 1200 survived by 1625VI.Cultural Clash in the ChesapeakeA.Chieftain Powhatan ruled native people (few dozen tribes); English took food

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