Close_Reading_-_Compromise_of_1877 (1).docx -...

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Reconstruction – End of Reconstruction – Close ReadingName: ____________________________ Date: _____________ Period: __________The Compromise of 1877The Compromise of 1877 gave Rutherford B. Hayes the presidency in exchange for the end of Reconstruction in the South. Hayes was the Republican candidate for presidentin 1876 against the Democratic candidate SamuelTilden. In those days Democrats were generally favorable to the South and supported slavery while Democrats were anti-slavery and anti-South.Democratic candidate Samuel J. Tilden of New York won 247,448 more popular votes than Republican Rutherford B. Hayes of Ohio. But the electoral votes in the three southern states of Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina were disputed. Reasons for this are complex, but were essentially questions surrounding the votes cast.This was only a few years after the end of the Civil War, and for almost four months, from November into late February, tensions remained high as the question of who was to become the nation’s next president remained unresolved.In January 1877, Congress established a 15-member Electoral Commission to resolve the issue of which candidate had won the contested states. The commission voted 8-7 along party lines to award the votes of all three states to Hayes, the Democrat. Democrats agreed that Rutherford B. Hayes would become president in exchange for the withdrawal of federal troops from the South and the granting of home rule (self-rule) in the South.

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