The West and the World Test 2.docx - Absolutism o All power in one ruler from whom all authority emanates Louis XIV Centralized state authority

The West and the World Test 2.docx - Absolutism o All power...

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2-13-17 AbsolutismoAll power in one ruler from whom all authority emanatesLouis XIVCentralized state authorityPersecuted French protestants or Huguenots Social class and hierarchy in 17thcentury France oMonarchoFirst estate: clergy and religious elitesoSecond estate: aristocracyoThird estate: commoners, working poor, peasants, artisansDivine RightoGod picks the king from the common man and the king is almost of the same level of GodConstitionalismoRuler shares power with an assembly of elected representativesoStruggle between support and oppose the kingoSocial contract definedRuler who fails to uphold their part between the ruler and populace can be justifiably removedJohn LockeoEnglish oRight to life, liberty, health, and propertyoRights of parliament over the monarch and advocated religious freedom for protestants but not CatholicsoMen had the ability to reason and govern themselves 2-15-17 Age of Revolutions in a Global ContextRevolution: complete change, overthrow, or replacement of an established government or political system by the people governedoRadical change in social order and structure usually for economic and ideological reasonsoNo single type of revolutionThe Atlantic SystemoNetwork of trade in the 1700s that bound western Europe, Africa, and the AmericasEuropeans sold slaves and bought commodities produced in the colonial plantations then sold those to EuropeansHow do we document slavery?

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