Unit 10 ppt.pptx - Unit 10 Modern U.S History SSUSH22 SSUSH23 SSUSH#22 Analyze U.S international and domestic policies including their influences on

Unit 10 ppt.pptx - Unit 10 Modern U.S History SSUSH22...

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Unformatted text preview: Unit 10: Modern U.S. History SSUSH22 & SSUSH23 SSUSH#22 Analyze U.S. international and domestic policies including their influences on technological advancements and social change during the Nixon, Ford, and Carter administrations. Presidents 37th --Richard Nixon (1969-1974) 38th--Gerald Ford (1974-1977) 39th –Jimmy Carter (1977-1981) SSUSH22a Analyze the international policies and actions taken as a response to the Cold War including the opening of and establishment of diplomatic relations with China, the end of U.S. involvement in Vietnam, the War Powers Act, the Camp David Accords, and Carter’s response to the 1979 Iranian Revolution Nixon Richard Nixon was elected in 1968 1969 announced 1st troop withdrawal Tried negotiations for settlement (N.V. refused to leave S.V.) “peace with honor” aka vietnamization— troops leave Nixon End? Jan 27, 1973—US signed “Agreement on ending the war and restoring peace in Vietnam” NV troops would remain in SV Nixon promised to respond with full force to any violation of the peace agreement Withdraw from Southeast Asia.. March 29, 1973—the last US combat troops left for home …the Vietnam war had ended for the U.S.!!! Fall of Saigon North and South’s armistice collapsed March 1975, North Vietnam launched full scale invasion of the south The US (Ford) provided economic aid but refused to send troops Fall of Saigon April 30, 1975-North Vietnam tanks rolled into Saigon and captured the city Soon after…South Vietnam surrendered to North Vietnam Fall of Saigon Fall of Saigon Totals 58,000 American Killed in Action (KIA) 303,000 American wounded 3.3 million with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Countless MIA and POWs War Powers Act Require Congress to authorize troop commitments within a certain time frame (The Gulf of Tonkin had unlimited provisions) Redistributed power to conduct military operations between the executive and legislative branches Vietnam Memorial Vietnam Memorial Ernie Lee Burgamy Iving Room Nixon & China February 1972—Nixon, & family visited China Nixon success—open trade relations with China US agreed to acknowledge Taiwan was a part of China and assist in a peaceful solution to the Chinese-Taiwan issue Jimmy Carter Efforts in the Middle East Camp David Accords 1979 Iranian Revolution Iranian Hostage Crisis Camp David Accords (1978) Negotiated a peace agreement between Egyptian president and the Israeli prime minister at Camp David First time there had been a signed peace agreement between Middle Eastern nations Iranian Revolution (1978) Replaced a shah (king) friendly to America with a Muslim religious leader unfriendly to America Iranian Hostage Crisis Carter let the former Iranian shah enter America for medical treatment Angry Iranian revolutionaries invaded the U.S. embassy in Iran and took 52 American captive Lasted 444 days, until the captives were released after the election of Ronald Reagan as president, and it nurtured anti- Iranian Hostage Crisis* SSUSH22b Connect major domestic issues to their effects including the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency, the emergence of the National Organization for Women, Nixon’s resignation due to the Watergate Scandal, and his pardon by Ford. Environmental Movement Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring 1962 book about pesticides Exposed dangers to the environment Led to the Water Quality Act of 1965 Earth Day Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)—set limits on pollution, conducts environmental research, and to assist state and local governments in the cleanup of polluted sites Rachel Carson National Organization of Women (NOW) Created to promote equal rights for women Goals: equality in employment, political & social equality, and the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) Betty Friedan Watergate Scandal Re-elected in 1972, but this scandal led to Nixon’s resignation in 1974 Attempt to cover up a burglary of the Democratic Party offices in the Watergate Apartment complex Sought political information This cover-up was unraveled…faced impeachment, so he resigned Impact of Watergate Left Americans dismayed by Nixon’s actions and cynical about politics in general---distrust of the government!!! Led to changes in campaign financing and laws requiring high level government officials to disclose their finances Gerald Ford Succeeded Nixon Key issues: Pardoned Nixon National economy (major recession since GD) Energy—failed to conclude a national energy policy Foreign policy—continued to improve relations with China and the Soviet Union & evacuated US troops from Vietnam (end) SSUSH#23 Assess the political, economic, and technological changes during the Reagan, Bush Sr., Clinton, Bush, and Obama administrations. Presidents 40th—Ronald Reagan (1981-1989) 41st—George Bush, Sr. (1989-1993) 42nd—Bill Clinton (1993—2001) 43rd—George W. Bush (2001-2009) 44th—Barack Obama (2009-2017) SSUSH#23a Analyze challenges by recent presidents including the collapse of the Soviet Union, Clinton’s impeachment, the attacks of September 11, 2001, and the war against terrorism. SSUSH#23b Examine economic policies of recent presidents including Reagonomics. Ronald Reagan Reaganomics Collapse of the Soviet Union Reaganomics Nickname for Reagan’s economic policy—restore the U.S. economy and prestige at home and abroad Components: Reduce government spending Reduce income tax and capital gains tax Reduce government regulation Control the money supply to reduce inflation Collapse of Soviet Union Reagan biggest success Allowed for freedom of speech, press, & other reforms Path to democratic government-->break-up of 15 states that were the USSR George Bush, Sr. Costly economic downturn Successful use of military resources in the 1991 Gulf War against Saddam Hussein in Iraq Bill Clinton North American Free Trade Agreement Impeachment and acquittal Impeachment?? 2nd In the United States history Charged with perjury and obstruction of justice Charges based on accusations that he lied under oath about an improper relationship with a White House intern Clinton denied charges & the Senate acquitted him allowing Clinton to remain in office and finish his second term 2000 Presidential Election Al Gore v. George Bush Gore won the national popular vote by over 500,000 of the 105 million votes cast Electoral College—Florida Bush won George Bush Response of attacks of September 11,2001 of the United States The war against terrorism Subsequent American interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq War on Terrorism Al-Qaeda leader– Osama bin Laden Operation Enduring Freedom —Afghanistan Operation Iraqi SSUSH#23c Examine the influence of technological changes on society including the personal computer, the Internet, and social media Personal Computer new ways of doing business and communicating with each other Instant, global communication arose Computer/cell phone Internet Electronic mail Email Immediate method of information transfer Email changed the way business communication is conducted and the way individuals often communicate Social Media Recent technological phenomenon where individuals share information in online communicate Examples: Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Snapchat Become a source for news and instant information sharing Problem: Cyberbulling SSUSH#23d Examine the historic nature of the presidential election of 2008. Presidential Election of 2008 Issues of the lagging economy (war in Iraq) and the war to fight terrorism Historic outcome—first person of color was elected to be President of the United States Barack Obama won the election due to an electoral College victory Barack Obama Platform: Hope and Change Reelected in 2012 Outcomes: Obamacare Elimination of Osama Bin Laden ...
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