Recent US - 1930s and the New Deal 1940s US population was...

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Unformatted text preview: 1930s and the New Deal 1940s US population was roughly 130 million and was much less diverse Pop. now is a little over 3 million Hispanics now make up largest minority 1930s Depression was the overwhelming issue o Roughly 20% of Americans were unemployed o Many more were under employed o 1929 stock market crashes, by 1932 20% unemployment 1932 FDR elected president o The New Deal Created govt agencies to stimulate the economy such as the CCC, TVA and WPA which created jobs for the economy Created Social Security Act Created a safety net for retired Americans (social security) Created Widows Benefits Created Unemployment insurance Created Workmens Comp for the injured Takes us from a rather small federal govt to one that is rather large National Labor Relations Act Created the NLRB (national labor relations board) Allowed workers to hold elections for a collective bargaining agent Helped strengthen Union interests Was a combination of Realism and Idealism SEC (Securities Exchange Commission) What do historians say about these programs? Liberals o The new deal and Roosevelt saved capitalism o The US didnt become Fascist or Communist, maintained stability of the country o It did not end the depression the beginning of WWII did Created a demand for workers because of war industry Conservatives/Libertarians o The new deal created a welfare state that has hobbled Americans since the 30s Foreign Policy in the 30s Isolationism o FDR focused on economic recovery o Neutrality Laws Kept us out of foreign affairs WWII American foreign policy makers fall into two categories Realists o Kennan, Kissinger o The responsibility of foreign policy is to protect the national security of the US o American Democracy is not easy to export It formed as a process of trial and error The rule of law- we benefited from the experience of England when writing the constitution US is a country with a history of rich natural resources Idealists o Woodrow Wilson o Making the world safe for democracy Why didnt the US intervene in WWII earlier? American First Committee o Charles Lindbergh Was a national hero, considered an expert in air war April 23, 1941- doesnt think the US can be successful, thinks we should concentrate on defense By 1941 the US had made a mistake by not being prepared o By not focusing on military in the 30s the US wasnt ready to deal with Hitler Four Freedoms Speech FDR January 1941 Freedom of speech Freedom of religion...
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Recent US - 1930s and the New Deal 1940s US population was...

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