Recent US - 1930’s and the New Deal ← 1940’s US...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 1930’s and the New Deal ← 1940’s US population was roughly 130 million and was much less diverse • Pop. now is a little over 3 million • Hispanics now make up largest minority 1930’s • Depression was the overwhelming issue o Roughly 20% of Americans were unemployed o Many more were under employed o 1929 stock market crashes, by 1932 20% unemployment • 1932 FDR elected president o The New Deal Created gov’t agencies to stimulate the economy such as the CCC, TVA and WPA which created jobs for the economy Created Social Security Act Created a safety net for retired Americans (social security) Created Widows Benefits Created Unemployment insurance Created Workmen’s Comp for the injured Takes us from a rather small federal gov’t to one that is rather large National Labor Relations Act Created the NLRB (national labor relations board) Allowed workers to hold elections for a collective bargaining agent Helped strengthen Union interests Was a combination of Realism and Idealism SEC (Securities Exchange Commission) ← ← What do historians say about these programs? • Liberals o The new deal and Roosevelt saved capitalism o The US didn’t become Fascist or Communist, maintained stability of the country o It did not end the depression the beginning of WWII did Created a demand for workers because of war industry • Conservatives/Libertarians o The new deal created a welfare state that has hobbled Americans since the 30’s ← ← Foreign Policy in the 30’s • Isolationism o FDR focused on economic recovery o Neutrality Laws Kept us out of foreign affairs WWII ← American foreign policy makers fall into two categories • Realists o Kennan, Kissinger o The responsibility of foreign policy is to protect the national security of the US o American Democracy is not easy to export It formed as a process of trial and error The rule of law- we benefited from the experience of England when writing the constitution US is a country with a history of rich natural resources • Idealists o Woodrow Wilson o Making the world safe for democracy Why didn’t the US intervene in WWII earlier? • American First Committee o Charles Lindbergh Was a national hero, considered an expert in air war April 23, 1941- doesn’t think the US can be successful, thinks we should concentrate on defense • By 1941 the US had made a mistake by not being prepared o By not focusing on military in the 30’s the US wasn’t ready to deal with Hitler ← ← Four Freedoms Speech • FDR January 1941 • Freedom of speech • Freedom of religion •...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course HIS 3660 taught by Professor Grundman during the Spring '08 term at Metropolitan State College of Denver.

Page1 / 79

Recent US - 1930’s and the New Deal ← 1940’s US...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online