Health Activity and Aging Week 4 notes Normal Physical Aging 1.Gradual & normal changes that occur at your body’s own pace that in part depend somewhat on genetics, but mostly determined by lifestyle choices2.Skin a.Skin starts to lose its elastic and becomes more lined and wrinkled b.Fingernail growth begins to slow c.Oil glands produce less oil, make the skin dried then beforei.What are some ways that we can preserve our skin?1.Moisturize 2.Drink water 3.Eat healthy foods 4.Wear sunscreen ii.Skin-lifestyle choices 1.Eliminate tanning-stay out of the sun 2.Use sunscreen 3.Don’t smoke 4.Sleep on your back 5.Wear glasses & sunglasses (reduces squinting) 6.Drink water 7.Eat superfoods as well as balanced diet a.Vitamin A,C,E8.Moisturize 3.Hair a.Hair thins on the scalp as you age on head, pubic area, and armpitsb.Hair pigment cells decline in number, gray hair growth increases i.As hair loses its pigment it may change texture, resulting in you having a very different head of hair c.Hormonal changes that cause hair to think, may increase the chances of random hair growth in other areas such as a chin, upper lip, neck 4.Hair-lifestyle choices & and how they affect it a.Using biotin supplements help prevent hair loss- false b.Stress & worry can turn your hair white- true c.Plucking a gray hair will cause two to grow in its place- falsed.Olive oil can make your hair looking younger & healthier- true 5.Facial changes a.Check bones start to fall making the shape of the face change b.Loss of collagen & fat in the face causes skin to droop lower c.Due to gravity and continued cartilage growth, your ears and nose will continue to grow 6.Bone changes a.People lose bone mass or density due to loss of calcium and minerals i.Women are at particular risk post-menopause
b.Vertebrae changes i.The middle of the body (trunk) becomes shorter as the disks gradually lose fluid and become thinner ii.Lose some of mineral content making each bone thinner c.Foot arches become less pronounced, contributing to a slight loss of height i.By age 80 it is common to have lost as much as 2 in in height d.Long bones of the arms and legs are more brittle due to mineral loss, but do not change in length 7.Osteoporosis a.Bone disease that occurs when the body loses too much bones, makes to little bone or both, as a result bones become weak and may break from a fall or in serious cases from sneezing or minor bumps b.Caused by vitamin & mineral deficiency, poor eating habits, and inactive lifestylei.Stats: 1.
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- Fall '19