Lecture 1 HistoryHow much did the South change after the Civil War?SociallyPoliticallyEconomicallySlavery in the United States onlyended because of a war. Four years full of death. The mentality didn’t change after the war. Over 750,000 dead1 in 5 men killed nationwideDeadliest conflict in U.S. historyPhysical destruction of the SouthBusinesses, factories, plantations, etc. destroyedLeft in shambles, mainly economically. Slavery is gone entirely in the South. South doesn’t know what to do.Lincoln had no choice to stop slavery because of the war. Reconstruction Era1865 – 1877Bring the 11 seceded southern states back into the Union without slavery while guaranteeing freedom and education for African Americans. This was a big task because the South did not want to follow this. Legacy of ReconstructionMajor winso13thAmendment (Ratified December 1865) – abolished slaveryo14thAmendment (Ratified July 1868) – forbids states from denying any person “life, liberty or property, without due process of law” or to “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”o15thAmendment (Ratified 1870) – universal malesuffrage (voting for all menregardless of race)Major misstepso13thAmendment bands involuntary servitude except in the case of crime. You can’t be held against your will and put to work unless you’ve been committed of a crime. “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.