Panopticism, Discipline and Punish, Michel Foucault.pdf -...

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4/16/17, 12)53 PMDiscipline and Punish, Panopticism | Michel Foucault InfoPage 1 of 31DISCIPLINE & PUNISH, III. DISCIPLINE, CHAP. 3, PANOPTICISMDISCIPLINE AND PUNISH,PANOPTICISMFoucault, Michel. "Discipline and Punish, Panopticism." In Discipline & Punish: The Birth ofthe Prison, edited by Alan Sheridan, 195-228. New York: Vintage Books, 1977.Original Publication: Surveiller et Punir, 1975!Foucault, Info
4/16/17, 12)53 PMDiscipline and Punish, Panopticism | Michel Foucault InfoPage 2 of 31Interior view of Illinois State Penitentiary - Panopticon structureThe following, according to an order published at the end of theseventeenth century, were the measures to be taken when the plagueappeared in a town.First, a strict spatial partitioning: the closing of the town and its outlyingdistricts, a prohibition to leave the town on pain of death, the killing ofall stray animals; the division of the town into distinct quarters, eachgoverned by an intendant. Each street is placed under the authority of asyndic, who keeps it under surveillance; if he leaves the street, he will becondemned to death. On the appointed day, everyone is ordered to stayindoors: it is forbidden to leave on pain of death. The syndic himselfcomes to lock the door of each house from the outside; he takes the keywith him and hands it over to the intendant of the quarter; the intendantkeeps it until the end of the quarantine. Each family will have made itsown provisions; but, for bread and wine, small wooden canals are set upbetween the street and the interior of the houses, thus allowing eachperson to receive his ration without communicating with the suppliersand other residents; meat, fish and herbs will be hoisted up into thehouses with pulleys and baskets. If it is absolutely necessary to leave thehouse, it will be done in turn, avoiding any meeting. Only the intendants,syndics and guards will move about the streets and also, between theinfected houses, from one corpse to another, the 'crows', who can be leftto die: these are 'people of little substance who carry the sick, bury thedead, clean and do many vile and abject oces'. It is a segmented,immobile, frozen space. Each individual is fixed in his place. And, if hemoves, he does so at the risk of his life, contagion or punishment.Inspection functions ceaselessly. The gaze is alert everywhere: 'AJ.Bentham, Panopticon, Works, Vol. IV,n°17Interior view of Illinois StatePenitentiary - Panopticon structure
4/16/17, 12)53 PMDiscipline and Punish, Panopticism | Michel Foucault InfoPage 3 of 31considerable body of militia, commanded by good ocers and men ofsubstance', guards at the gates, at the town hall and in every quarter toensure the prompt obedience of the people and the most absolute

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