Eo4 Chapter 8 Notes: These sanctions or consequences may be imposed by adults, or they may occur as a natural outcome of the child’s actions. 1. Natural consequences —The child experiences the direct results of his or her own behavior. Piaget uses the example of a child who has a cold room as a result of breaking his or her own bedroom window. 2. Exclusion —A child who hits another child is asked to find something else to do until he or she feels ready to behave appropriately. 3. Deprivation —The child may not have access to materials that have been abused or misused until the child feels ready to behave appropriately. Notice this lets the child decide when to try again. The goal is to get children to think about their behavior instead of thinking about an adult getting in the way of their fun. 4. Restitution —The child pays for, or replaces, that which has been damaged or lost; the child assists a person injured through that child’s fault. 5. Reciprocity —What the child has done to another is done back to the child. Piaget is very clear that this response does not mean an adult doing evil for evil, such as biting a child who has bitten another. He says that action is not only a poor model, but also “absurd” (1932/1965, p. 208). Instead, he refers to a response such as not doing a favor for a child who has not helped with assigned chores. Thus, if the child doesn’t help you, you don’t help the child. Adults do not impose natural consequences. Natural consequences are mostly a
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- Developmental Psychology, Restitution, The Child