Final Exam Study Guide - Period 2 Midterm/Final Exam Study...

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Period 2: Midterm/Final Exam Study Guide(2019)Authors/Non-Authors:The Venerable Bede-Earliest English historian -First religious poet-First monk prose writer-Lived ~ 673-735Famous works: History of the Church and PeopleSir Thomas Malory-We are not exactly sure who he was-Went to prison, likely for beating up monks-Was knighted, but was likely not very chivalrous-Wrote Le Morte D'arthur in prisonFamous Works: Le Morte D’arthurGeoffrey Chaucer-father of English poetry-First to use English and brought it respectability -Member of parliament-Captured in France during the 100 years war, but the king paid his ransom-First poet in the poets corner in Westminster AbbeyFamous works: The Canterbury TalesWorks with unknown authors -The Seafarer-Sir Gawain and the Green Knight-BeowulfAnglo-Saxon Literature:Ranged from 449-1485 “Middle Ages Time Period”Anglo-Saxon Time Period (449-1066) <— Norman Invasion (1066)Norman Invasion ended Anglo-Saxon Time PeriodScribes - read + write (religion)
Scops - pro story-tellersMonks - religious writing/readingBeowulf:- Beowulf was king of the Geats. He pledged his allegiance to King Hrothgar of the Danes. Hrothgar’s hall named “Herot” was under attack by a monster named Grendel for 12 winters. Beowulf and Unferth came to help, Beowulf then exposes Unferth for his inability to match his actions to his words. Beowulf slays Grendel, and then proceeds to slay Grendel’s mom in the bottom of the lake, by a sword hanging on the wall. Beowulf then goes back to his home, and some 50 years later, he attempts to fight a dragon. The dragon ends up getting slain by Wiglaf, a close follower of Beowulf, but not before Beowulf was killed. The treasure from the dragon was buried for good.The Seafarer:- a book about a man who felt that to fulfill his inner needs, he continued to return to the sea. The Seafarer lived a life with a saddening mindset, claiming that fate brings illness and death daily. He claims that the world has lost its former glory, and that the land no longer has passion within the city life. The Seafarer claims that home, at the end of the story. is Heaven, which is the center of spiritual life. The only part of life that hasn’t diminished is the “Fear of Fate”, meaning that every man is living a fearful life, knowing that each day could be their last. The Seafarer claims that he has been out to sea over a 1000 times, and that he chooses to continue to go back for his own good.Medieval Literature:Le Morte d’Arthur-Pellinore is the black knight in the woods who kills Miles during a jousting match (Miles wants to cross bridge). Griflet (a squire to Miles) goes to King Arthur to be knighted so that he may defeat Pellinore for killing his master. Arthur proceeds to knight Griflet whenMerlin urges him to stop, fearing Griflet may die if he tries to slay Pellinore.Sir Gawain and the Green KnightCharactersThe Green Knight- Challenges the round table to a game, blow for blow, gets his head cut off with an axe and proceeds puts it back onKing Arthur- accepts the Green Knight’s Challenge

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