Basketball Study GuideHistoryDr. James Naismith introduced the game of basketball in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts. This game was devised to give students an opportunity to play indoors during the long winter months. The original game was played using peach baskets for goals, which gave us the name “basket” ball. There were originally 13 rules and 9 players on the court for each team. Backboards were later installed to keep spectators from interfering in the game.Naismith was asked to create a new game in 14 days.Created from two other sports •Soccer•Lacrosse*Also a childhood game played by Naismith called Duck on a RockToday, basketball is played throughout the world. It was adopted into the Olympics in 1936 when the U.S. defeated Canada nineteen to eight. In 1976, basketball was also introduced into the Olympics as a women’s sporting event.Equipment/Dimensions1.Ball:Men: 30 inches in circumference B. Women: 28..5”2.Court :Middle/High School:74-94 feet long x 50 feet wide3.FREETHROW LINE6 feet wide, 4 feet wide, and 9 feet above floorBasket:18 inches, 10 feet above floorThe GameA jump ball decides who gets the ball and the opposite team gets the ball after
half-time or a jump ball. At half time, teams exchange directions. The ball is passed, thrown, or bounced between players of one team with the intent of scoring. A basic team has two forwards, two guards, and one center (can change depending on strategy.)ScoringField goal: two points will be awarded for each shot made inside the three-point line Three point field goal: three points will be awarded for each field goal made outside the
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ball, free throw, Technical foul, Rules of basketball, Traveling