Review for Quiz 4

Review for Quiz 4 - Borrowing: The process of taking words...

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Borrowing : The process of taking words from other languages Loan word : A word taken from another language Cognates : words in different languages that have a similar form and meaning. Backformation : the process of reducing a word such as a noun to a shorter version and using it as a new word such as a verb. Ex: sculptor to sculpt. Calque : a type of borrowing in which each element of a word is translated into the borrowing language. Ex: Grate-ciel or ‘sky scrape’ for skyscraper. Blending : the process of combining the beginning of one word and the end of another word to form a new word. Ex: Brunch Clipping : The process of reducing a word of more than one syllable to a shorter form. Ex: advertisement = ad. Coinage : the invention of new words. Conversion : the process of changing the function of a word, such as a noun to a verb, as a way of forming new words, also known as ‘category’. Eponymy : This is when new words are created based on the name of a person or place. An example is "sandwich," which was named after the Earl of Sandwich. Acronym : A new word formed from the initial letters of other words. Ex: NASA Deixis : using words such as this or here as a way of pointing with language. Anaphora
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Waters during the Fall '07 term at New Mexico.

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Review for Quiz 4 - Borrowing: The process of taking words...

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