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Review for Exam 1 - For Exam 1 1 2 3 4 Identify the stops...

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For Exam 1: 1. Identify the stops, fricatives, etc… 2. Know the difference between front and back vowels 3. Know what vowel is in a word 4. Define the following terms: Design Features of Communication : Ways that communication systems may vary. Provide a framework for comparing different systems. o Channel Features : Character of the channel through which the message is sent. One of the four design features of communication. Directional : Describes a system if messages can be sent to a single recipient. Broadcast : Describes a system if messages are received by multiple recipients in various directions from the sender. Directionality of Reception : Describes how precisely the receiver of a message can determine the direction from which it was sent. Message Persistence : The duration of time a message remains available for a potential recipient. Channel Dependence : The extent of which a system is dependent on a particular channel. Signal Feedback : The degree to which the transmitter of a signal receives his or her message. Multi-Channel Synchronicity : How we determine if someone is lying. We use information from both communicative and informative signals. We have a tendency to believe the information signals. Channel : The productive/physical/sensory medium through which communication takes place. Rapid Fading : A system with very little persistence. o Acquisition Features : How communication systems are acquired. Tradition : The associations of the system passed on by teaching and learning. o Content Features : Characteristics of the content of messages that can be exchanged using a given communication system. Topic Range : The range of topics about which communication can occur. Prevarication : The ability to lie. Reflexiveness : The extent to which the communication system may be used to communicate about communication. Displacement : The property of human language that refers to past and future time etc… o Structural Features : How the parts of a system interrelate.
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Productivity/Openness : The property of language that allows us to create new words and makes the potential number of utterances in any human language infinite. Semantic Complexity : Using smaller parts of the system and combining them to have new meaning or create new words. Recursion : Allows you to go into more and more detail infinitely. Discreteness : Refers to whether or not the elements of a system make up a discrete range rather than continuous one.
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