Exam 3 Review

Exam 3 Review - Stratification and Social Class Define...

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Stratification and Social Class Define: - Social stratification : A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. - Social class : A large group of people who occupy a similar economic position within the wider society. - social mobility : - intergenerational social mobility : - intragenerational social mobility : - caste systems : - absolute poverty : - relative poverty : - inequality : - socio-economic status : Know: - The Principles of Stratification o 1) A trait of society, not a reflection of personal differences o 2) Persistent over generations o 3) Universal but variable o 4) Involves inequalities and beliefs. - The Davis-Moore Thesis o 1) Social stratification has beneficial consequences for the operation of a society. o 2) It must, otherwise every society would not be stratified o 3) Industrial society has a hierarchy of jobs that need to be filled. o 4) The greater the functional social rewards of an occupation, the more the individual is rewarded. o 5) Societies can only be equal to the extent that everyone is willing to perform every job. o 6) Equality only exists if those who perform the job poorly are rewarded the same as those who perform the job well. - Functional/Conflict Analysis of Stratification and critiques of these analysis - Erik Olin Wright (3 dimensions of Economic Control and contradictory class positions) - The characteristics of class systems and how they are measured - How poverty is measured - The difference between income and wealth - How social class is measured Race Define: 1
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Race : a socially constructed category composed of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important. Phenotype : outward physical manifestation of an organism. Prejudice : a pre-judgment; emotional reaction-typically rigid and unfair toward an entire category of people. Stereotype : an exaggerated description applied to every person in some category Racism : The belief or ideology that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another. Individual racism : a person holds this belief and acts/thinks accordingly. Institutional racism : workplace discrimination, housing discrimination, voter discrimination Split labor market theory (primary and secondary): Primary: white males = well paying, good benefits. Secondary: white females and all others; lower class Minority : carries the connotation of inferiority (“lesser”), does not always reflect actual numbers. Majority : carries the connotation of better. As with minority, does not always reflect actual numbers. Know : The difference between race and phenotype. o Race is a social construction o Phenotype is a biological characteristic The difference between prejudice and stereotype o The difference between individual and institutional racism (and examples) What it means when they say race is “socially constructed” How prejudice has been measured using the social distance scale
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Exam 3 Review - Stratification and Social Class Define...

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