Notes for Exam 2

Notes for Exam 2 - Notes for Exam 2 Social Control o The...

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Notes for Exam 2 Social Control o The techniques and strategies for preventing deviant human behavior in any society. o Maintaining and enforcing social norms o Occurs on all levels of society 1. Family, school, government, etc o Functionalists: 2. Social norms must be respected and deviation from them must be punished in order for a group or society to survive. o Conflict 3. Social norms are created by powerful groups, and serve to maintain their power over oppressed groups. o Symbolic Interaction 4. Humans interact with a set of assumption about how one is to act in a given situation role. o Conformity 5. Acting in accordance with cultural norms 6. Going with the flow o How/when do we learn this? 7. Family, school, media, etc o What does it do? 8. Obedience Compliance with higher authorities in a hierarchical structure Ex: New recruit in the military How/When do we hear this? o When we are born (parents) o Comfority vs. Obedience 9. Abstract vs. Concrete 10. Authority based in titles Officer, doctor, professor, instructor, judge, etc Functionalists? Conflict? SI? o Informal Social Control 11. Casual actions to discourage violation of social norms o Formal Social Control 12. Actions carried out by formalized authority figures to deter norm violation 13. Formalized Authority Figures Police officers, school administrators, military officers 14. Sanctions applied often due to violation of laws or formal norms Social Control and Socialization o Socialization internalizes conformity and obedience
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o Usually don’t need the influence of informal/formal controls to behave “properly” o Why not? 15. Norms internalized, considered valuable and proper Individual Identity o Culture, socialization, social control are all factors in determining identity 16. What language we speak 17. How we act toward others 18. Norms, values and behaviors o The way others perceive us is as important as those factors o “Looking glass” = Mirror o Other people (peers, superiors, parents, etc) represent a mirror in which we can see ourselves o What we think of ourselves depends on what others think. The looking Glass Self o Three phases of identity construction 1. Imagine how we present ourselves to others 2. Imagine how others evaluate us 3. Develop some feeling about ourselves Our “self” is a result of our imagination about how others view us. Therefore, we can develop a false definition of self if we incorrectly perceive how others see us Misperception leads to negative self identity Ex: constructive criticism from instructor Other people affect my identity…duh! Sociological import Gender identity/Gender roles Males and females treated differently from birth Ex: clothing, hairstyles, expectations, etc This is our initial sense of our own gender What if you were treated with the opposite? Most important occurrences of this during childhood
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Goodman during the Fall '07 term at New Mexico.

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Notes for Exam 2 - Notes for Exam 2 Social Control o The...

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