Notes for Exam 3

Notes for Exam 3 - Stratification o Social Stratification A...

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Stratification o Social Stratification A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy o Principles of Stratification A trait of society, not a reflection of personal differences Ex: Survivors of the Titanic Persistent over generations Inequalities don’t just go away Universal, but variable All societies are stratified but in different ways Involves Inequality and Beliefs Inequalities defined as “fair”, “right” o Societies are stratified based on: Age, Race, Gender, Ethnicity, Class, Sexual Orientation, Wealth, Education, etc Functionalist Analyses o The Davis-Moore Thesis Social stratification has beneficial consequences for the operation of a society It must, otherwise every society would not be stratified Industrial societies have a hierarchy of jobs needed to be filled The greater the functional social rewards of an occupation, the more the individual is rewarded. Societies can only be equal to the extent that everyone is willing to perform every job Equality only exists if those who perform those jobs poorly are rewarded the same as those who perform well o Critiques of the Davis-Moore How do we determine which occupations are more “important”? Higher paying jobs given more importance due to social focus on monetary wealth Is Oprah more important than I am? Clearly not She makes 100 million Conflict Analysis o Karl Marx, Class and Conflict Remember: Bourgeoisie and Proletariat Capitalism leads to Massive inequality Over time increase misery and alienation o Critique: If you don’t reward people for working hard, they won’t. Failure of socialist revolution Fragmentation of socialist revolution Higher standard of living
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More worker organization More extensive legal protections Stratification Class o Social Class A large group of people who occupy a similar economic position within the wider society Characteristics of class system Somewhat Fluid Based in some part on achievement Economically based Is there class in the US? How many consider themselves “upper”, “middle”, “lower”? o Max Weber, “Class, Status, Party” Economic inequality = class Social prestige = status Political/Social power = party o Status Consistency Rewarded according to social position Can be quite low Stratification is not just economic, but multidimensional SES=Socio Economic Status o Critique Social class boundaries are blurry now, but still high inequality Income inequality is increasing, not decreasing with the advance of market capitalism and industry o Global Perspective Global division of labor, global class system This turns into global hierarchy of political and military power Are industrial societies more equal than agrarian? Hunter-gathers? Ethnicity
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Notes for Exam 3 - Stratification o Social Stratification A...

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