Soc100: Chapter 7 - Introduction to Sociology 100 Chapter 7...

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Introduction to Sociology 100 Chapter 7: Deviance, Crime, and Social Control7.1 Deviance and Control Deviance: a violation of established contextual, cultural , or social norms, whether folkways, mores, or codified lawDepends on location, audience, and the individual committing the actSocial control: the regulation and enforcement of the normsSocial order: underlying goal of social control; arrangement of practices and behaviors on which society members base their daily livesSanctions: means of enforcing the rules Positive sanctions: rewards given for conforming to normsEx. promotion at workNegative sanctions: punishments for violating the norms Ex. being arrested for shoplifting Informal sanctions: emerge in face-to-face interactions Ex. smile for helping someone, disapproving look from swearing inpublicFormal sanctions: ways to officially recognize and enforce norm violationsEx. Being expelled at school, Award of some kind7.2 Theoretical Perspectives on DevianceFunctionalism, Symbolic interactionism, Conflict theoryFunctionalism: concerned with the way the different elements of a society contribute to the wholeStrain, social disorganization, cultural devianceEmile Durkheim: the essential nature of deviance Deviance is a necessary part of society; challenges people’s present views Ex. Civil rights movementStrain theory (Robert Merton)

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