researchpaper - Hagedon 1 Steven Hagedon Olga Geissler...

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Steven Hagedon Olga Geissler English 102-053 29 Mar. 2008 Illegal Immigration into the United States from Mexico Whether a government wants to accept it or not, immigration is a crucial part of running a successful country. However, throughout recent years, the amount of illegal immigration from the country of Mexico into the United States has grown. This form of immigration can be good or bad, depending on the source and an author’s viewpoint on the reasons as to why the immigrants come into the United States. However, due to recent economic pressures and the strive for a better life, the immigration rate into the United States is on the increase, while that of emigration is relatively low. Although the emigration rate out of the United States low, the employment rate is well enough to give jobs open to those who are qualified. However, there are labor laws within the United States and its boundaries that dictate as to who could be hired for a job, mainly American citizens; however, employers still find ways to go around these laws and hire illegal citizens to limit their costs on labor. The frequency of economic decay of Mexico and the closeness of one of the strongest economies known to mankind, an increase of illegal immigration into the United States from Mexico is correlated to the social and economic instabilities of the third-world country south of Arizona. Legal immigration helps to sustain a country and maintain the international relations between countries. As Sheridan writes, 1
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Prior to the depression, the U.S. economy demanded more Mexican workers than the laws allowed. Hundreds of thousands of legal and illegal immigrants therefore poured across the border to labor in U.S. mines, ranches, farms, and factories. At a time when the Quota Act of 1924 was all but eliminating the flow of Asians and Eastern Europeans into the United States, powerful business interests made sure that Mexicans were not included under the restriction. (419) Not only did the agriculture and business workers need cheap labor, they also needed a race that was not being controlled by the “Federal U.S. immigration legislation… [that limited] annual immigration for any group by 2% of that groups U.S. population according to the census of 1890” (“Immigration Quota Act of 1924”). In addition to lobbying and other means to persuade Congress to allow more Mexican labor, the farming and corporate business world were able to secure legal means to use cheap and easy labor to produce the goods demanded by the American citizens at that period of time. As said by author Oscar J. Martinez, “The use of the Mexican border as a staging area for employment north of the line grew dramatically in the post- World War II period when the demand for cheap labor escalated sharply in both rural and urban industries throughout the United States” (408).
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