Anthro Long Paper 1 - Tiffany Tai ANTHRCUL 101 Sec 31 Long...

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Tiffany Tai ANTHRCUL 101 Sec 31 Long Paper One Topic Three Due: October 19, 2007 When ethnographers prepare for research, they must plan and consider many aspects of their field work. From what to bring, what language to speak, and how to act, ethnographers must consider all facetsof their daily lives. Most importantly however, ethnographers must consider their ethical responsibilities towards the subjects that they are studying. According to the AAA Code, “Anthropologists should not exploit individuals, groups, animals, or cultural or biological materials” (Kottak44). They also must take into consideration payment to the people and to the country they are residing within; this payment often includes invitations to local anthropologists to assist with the work and research technology being donated to the area (Kottak 44). This code is set up to protect subjects from being exploited or harmed and also helps anthropologists and other scientists conduct ethical research. Before a code like this was put in place, many unethical experiments that damaged participants for a long period occurred. Take for example, an experiment conducted by John Watson on an eleven month old baby named Albert. Albert was conditioned to be scared of a white rat after the image of a rat was attached to a loud noise. Soon, Albert was scared by seeing the rat by itself and the conditioning was never reversed (Watson 313-314). This experiment, along with many others that occurred would have been deemed unethical based upon a code of ethics, and it was these experiments that caused the creation of a code. Ethics is not however, limited to this code. Personal ethics must also be taken into consideration when anthropologists view ethical dilemmas within their area of study. For example, genital mutation in Africa is seen as an important aspect of society; however, anthropologists and many others have deemed the practice cruel and wrong. These ethical
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dilemmas could influence research themselves, and anthropologists must take these possible conflicts into consideration. In Philippe Bourgois’ book In Search of Respect: Selling Crack in El Barrio , Bourgois faces intense ethical dilemmas in the form of drugs, gang rape, the treatment of women, and other issues that society deems to be morally wrong. At times, it is difficult for Bourgois to listen without any emotion reaction to some of the stories that are told about these topics. Furthermore, Bourgois has the responsibility of protecting his consultants, as law enforcers
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Anthro Long Paper 1 - Tiffany Tai ANTHRCUL 101 Sec 31 Long...

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