CUSTOMS OF THE TAGALOGS (Las costumbres de los indios Tagalos de Filipinas) Juan De Plasencia
Author’s Background (Juan De Plasencia)
Joan de Puerto convento De villanueva de la serena.
➢ Born in the 16 th century to the illustrious family of the portocarreros in plasencia in the region of extremadura,Spain. ➢ His real name is Joan de Puerto convento De villanueva de la serena. ➢ He was a Spanish friar of the Franciscan order. ➢ Said to have been inspired to be fransiscan because of his upbringing spent during a spiritual and religious resurgence affected by spain’s siglo de oro. 4
➢ Well reputed as the one who took the leading role in fostering the spread of primary education. ➢ Converted natives,taught catechisms, and organized towns and barangays in the Philippines. 6 ➢ promoted the understanding of both spanish language among the natives,and the local languages among the missionaries, to facilitate the task of spreading Christianity.
➢ Initiated the reduccion policy- policy to reduce or resettle natives in central locations. ➢ Some of his works aim to put an end to some injustices being committed against the natives by certain government officials. 7
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE DOCUMENTS
Customs of the Tagalogs is a part (either chapters or subsections) of longer monographs written by the chroniclers of the Spanish expeditions to the Philippines during the early 16 th and 17 th centuries. They appeared initially in Blair and Robertson’s 55 volumes, the Philippines islands(1903)and in the Philippines journal sciences(1958). 9
WHAT IS DOCTRINA CHRISTIANA? 10 10
➢ It was the first ever book to be published in the Philipppines back in 1593. ➢ . This is the same book that Plasencia used to facilitate people who wanted to strengthen their faith to God 11 11
The essence of this written work is the portrayal of the abundant traditions, beliefs and practices of the Tagalog's that were already present even before the colonial period. The passage enumerates the following: the Government, the social classes, their marriage customs, and their religious and superstitious beliefs. 12 12
THE GOVERNMENT ➢ It was governed by the chief referred to as the datu, to whom they reverenced.
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- Summer '16