Student_Wk07_Suicide_One2008

Student_Wk07_Suicide_One2008 - Week Seven: Suicide, Handout...

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Week Seven: Suicide, Handout One General Overview and in the US Definition of suicide and attempted suicide Suicide : “the human act of self-inflicted, self-intentioned cessation.” 1 Attempted suicide, also called parasuicide : “behavior directed against the self which results in injury or self-harm, or has strong potential for injury. (…) [the] intention in the behavior may or may not be to die, or may or may not inflict injury or pain on oneself.” 2 What to do if someone tells you s/he is going to commit suicide 3 : This information is NOT intended to replace professional counseling. 1. Take the person seriously – and try to get them help (see below). 2. Listen to their whole story. Ask why. 3. Don’t try to reason. Logic will not work during an emotional crisis. 4. Offer acceptance, love and support 5. Find and give them the hotline number for local counseling. 24-Hour Crisis Hotlines (updated Feb. 25, 2008) : 800-656-HOPE -- RAINN Sexual Assault Hotline (National) 800-SUICIDE -- HopeLine Suicide Hotline (National) 480-784-1500 -- Suicide/Crisis Hotline (Maricopa County) 866-205-5229 -- Toll-Free Crisis Hotline (Arizona) 480-736-4949 -- Sexual Assault Hotline (Maricopa County) 6. Before leaving, look him/her in the eye. Tell the person to look you in the eye. (“The eye is the portal to the soul.”) 7. Looking in his/her eyes, say, “Will you not attempt suicide until you meet with me again?” 8. Try to get a support person. Call his/her family or other major support person upon leaving. 9. You may need to let the situation go. 10. Remember: You cannot save someone else. Studying suicide 1. Researchers look at many areas: a. Apparent cause or purpose of act b. Individual and cultural meaning attached to suicidal behaviors c. Particular population segment affected by suicide or suicidal behavior 2. These are related to: a. Context, rationale, and specific act or purpose As you will see from your readings, there are many ways to categorize and explain suicide. This is due not only to the differing perspectives of the researchers, but also because suicide is a complex behavior. Categories of suicide 4 1. Surcease suicide (also called “rational suicide” or”auto-euthanasia”) (STUDENTS: READ IN PACKET ONE) 2. Psychotic suicide (STUDENTS: READ IN PACKET ONE) 3. Cultural suicide (STUDENTS: READ IN PACKET ONE) 1 Edwin Schniedman. Death: Current Perspectives , 2 nd ed. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Pub. 1980:416. 2 Glen Evans and Norman Farberow. Encyclopedia of Suicide . New York: Facts on File. 1988:21, 268. 3 Adapted from several sources. This information is NOT intended to replace professional counseling. 4 Edwin Shneidman and Norman Farberow ( 1987) outlined the first four categories of suicide (much of the notes for these are taken verbatim from class reading).
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Week Seven: Suicide, Handout One General Overview and in the US i. DR adds: Even when one is rejecting social norms, the choice of certain types of suicide, such as
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Student_Wk07_Suicide_One2008 - Week Seven: Suicide, Handout...

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