STUDENT_Wk08_PAS

STUDENT_Wk08_PAS - Week Eight: Euthanasia and Physician...

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Week Eight: Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS): Oregon Death with Dignity Act In addition to your Annual Editions readings, materials have been adapted from several sources, including: DeSpelder, Lynn, and Albert Strickland. 2005. The Last Dance: Encountering Death and Dying. 7 th ed. New York: McGraw Hill. Oregon Dept of Human Services: Physician assisted Suicide. Electronic document: http://www.oregon.gov/DHS/ph/pas/faqs.shtml Definitions and concepts: 1 Withholding or drawing treatment : Withholding: not starting a treatment; withdrawing: stopping a treatment that has been started. Assisted suicide : Providing someone with the means to commit suicide, knowing that the recipient intends to use these means to end his/her life. Physician-assisted suicide (PAS) : A physician provides someone with the means to commit suicide, knowing that the recipient intends to use them to end his/her life. The patient, not the doctor , administers the fatal dose. Active euthanasia : A deliberate act to end another’s life, generally with the understanding that the dying person was suffering from an incurable and painful disease (but see involuntary form, below…). Three types of active euthanasia: involuntary, nonvoluntary, voluntary. Involuntary active euthanasia : Death of a patient by a medical practitioner without the patient’s consent. Ex: Medicalized killing programs of Nazi regime. Nonvoluntary active euthanasia : A surrogate decision maker asks a physician for help in ending another person’s life. Voluntary active euthanasia (VAE): Intentional termination of life at the patient’s request by someone other than the patient. Cross-cultural examples: The Netherlands 1993: Formal adoption of euthanasia guidelines. o Doctors would not be prosecuted even though assisted suicide technically remained a crime punishable by a maximum 12-year prison sentence. 2000: A bill was passed in the Dutch Parliament, by a vote of 104-40. o It still needed the approval of the Senate, which was considered a formality. 2002: The government legalized assisted suicide and euthanasia (the doctor administers a fatal injection of drugs). Section 293(2) of the Dutch Criminal Code: Doctors involved in voluntary euthanasia or suicide must: o be convinced that the patient’s request was voluntary, well-considered, and lasting, o be convinced that the patient’s suffering was unremitting and unbearable, o have informed the patient of the situation and prospects, o have reached the conclusion with the patient that there was no reasonable alternative. o have consulted at least one other physician, and o have carried out the procedure in a medically appropriate fashion. All cases are reviewed by medical committees.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course ASB 353 taught by Professor Repp during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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STUDENT_Wk08_PAS - Week Eight: Euthanasia and Physician...

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