Wk 1 Student Euro-American Approaches to Death

Wk 1 Student Euro-American Approaches to Death - ASB 353:...

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ASB 353: Week One: Introduction to Course Brief History of Euro-American Approaches to Death Human behavior mostly a product of Cultural values Social structures Interaction with other members of a particular society Human dying is defined by The time and place in which dying and death occur Specifically: the values and institutions of a society will shape The meaning of the dying experience The place where death occurs The response of other people to dying and death Today we will look more deeply at patterns of death and dying in society as a whole. As a basis for this class, we will start with the distinct and changing views of death in European and Euro-American history, from about the fifth century CE to the nineteenth century. Material from: Philippe Ariès The Hour of our Death (1981, 1 st English edition) Linda Nochlin Realism (1971) From the 5 th to 19 th centuries: Europeans see death on a regular basis Defended themselves against threat of death through community, spirituality and ritual Tame Death: Western Europe (early Middle Ages to 18 th century) attitude of acceptance and tranquility death: communal and public act approaching death anticipated and met with ritualized expression of mourning at deathbed dying person could prepare spiritually, and community gather and offer support scene of ideal death was the bedroom of the dying person …but an unexpected death in early Middle Ages in Western Europe sign of God’s displeasure social shame quickly and quietly forgotten Knights killed in combat were to be in perpetual state of anticipating and preparing for possible death fall in battle seen as saintly; reflection of value of chivalry and military conquest fallen knights given abbreviated form of death rituals Rituals during dying process offer -sense of familiarity, meaning, and reason/logic for death -places person in larger social fabric that includes spiritual realm
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ASB 353: Week One: Introduction to Course Brief History of Euro-American Approaches to Death -DR: religious thought: that which links the human spirit to the environment, other people, and deity (if have belief in deity) Elements of Tame Death: dying person surrounded by family, community, never alone goodbyes exchanged; prayers; final instructions person then waits quietly and peacefully for death belief: individual enters sleep-like state to peacefully await salvation sleep in garden of flowers body awakens at end of the world, and is revived and united with soul for salvation belief in collective destiny of salvation for all (except those who died shamefully)
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course ASB 353 taught by Professor Repp during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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Wk 1 Student Euro-American Approaches to Death - ASB 353:...

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