hon 171 final essay

hon 171 final essay - HON 171 Mark Montesano 9 December...

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HON 171 Mark Montesano 9 December 2007 Final Paper Dante's Inferno , the Sufistic poetry of Rumi, and the Qur'an each advance a definition--or more of a flexible outline in Rumi's case--of what makes a man good or bad. Of the three writings, Rumi's poetry is the only to assert that morality is something beyond faith and deeds. To Rumi, being good is a state of mind that is only attained after difficult truths are understood. Dante and Qur'an each derive their system of ethics from an external source-- namely, God or Allah. It is not clear from where Rumi receives his moral claims, or on what authority he makes such claims, but it may be inferred that he is more interested in helping men than in blindly following religious dictates cut in stone hundreds of years before his birth. It appears that his teachings follow from a life of experience and careful reflection. The sources of each writing's ideas on morality are essential to understanding their declarations on what makes a person good or bad. In a literal sense, the medium is the message. Rumi argues for an ethical system rooted in love and understanding for fellow men, and empowers women in his poetry. Dante and the Qur'an, in rather stark contrast, define morality as adherence to Catholicism or Islam, respectively, and a complete abstention from sin as outlined by said religions. Dante makes little mention of women or their role in the Inferno (though later in the Divine Comedy, Beatrice will
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emerge as Dante's golden standard for all of humankind), and the Qur'an explicitly condemns Muslim women to a subservient position to men. In the Inferno Dante posits a complex system of morality that seems, at first glance, black and white, but there is some degree of flexibility. It may be taken that Dante simply means to imply that anyone in Hell must be a bad person, because his poem is, in most ways, consistent with the Bible, which describes Hell as the final punishment for evil people. At many points, however, Dante's protagonist stops to lament the fate of so many good people in the inferno, particularly in Limbo, the first circle of Hell. Virgil, the protagonist's literal guide, and the writer's spiritual role model, is confined to Hell because he died before Jesus was born.
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hon 171 final essay - HON 171 Mark Montesano 9 December...

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