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study guide - 4. What are the chief characteristics of...

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4. What are the chief characteristics of Egyptian sculpture (both relief and in-the-round) of the IV Dynasty and how do these  characteristics relate to an earlier predynastic tradition?     Relief: flat surface In-the-round: 3-dimensional    Predynastic traditional Kings and Gods are the same size 4th Dynasty: Meidum and Giza   Frontality, Stationary , exaggerated characteristics: Large-legged, making the sculpture for a purpose, distortion. ..   6. Describe the process of the emergence of the Egyptian state, including a discussion of Naqqada II-period burial remains, and  other forms of material culture.     Some burial goods, Stratified  society,    Southern pottery styles were distributed northward    Naqqada-II Brick lined graves proves the stratified society Tomb 100 (painted burial tomb)   There is an increasing display of wealth Wealth is flaunted in the Naqqada II period by larger graves and more grave goods.  A class system emerges (BARD 97)     8. Describe the formal development of the tomb building form and the pyramid form from Predynastic burials and D I-II mastabas  until the stepped pyramid at Saqqara and the pyramids at Meydum (Medum, Meidum), Dashur and Giza.   Mastabas are mounds of dirt with mud brick enclosures Plain on the outside    Stepped pyramids-- Djoser earliest large monument built in stone  -- self-contained --burial is below ground   Meydum---Sneferu's unfinished pyramid (pyramid built, but blocks fell away from it) --first attempt at a true pyramid --he has the above ground burial  (a shaft travels down then up) --corbelled  vaulted chamber  --mortual temple --> causeway --> valley temple    Bent pyramid---Dashur Sneferu's second pyramid attempt  ---mortuary temple--> causeway --> valley temple  --- the causeway entrance was on eastern end of the north  ---blocks are laid flat instead of being slanted inward   Giza---same mortuary temple--> causeway ---> valley temple --- the corbelled vaulted chambers are higher upward 
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course CLAR 242 taught by Professor Haggis during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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study guide - 4. What are the chief characteristics of...

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