Lesson 6.docx - MGMT 314| Week 6 Managers as Ethical...

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MGMT 314| Week 6 Managers as Ethical Leaders and Empowering Ethical Employees One of the most important determinants of whether an organization will have an ethical organizational culture is leadership. The leaders of an organization set the tone at the top and the behavior they demonstrate becomes a model for everyone who works under them. In their efforts to set the tone at the top, leaders can act as different types of role models, use different forms of power, and practice different types of leadership. This lesson will provide an overview and examples of each of these. This lesson also will discuss what employees want from a job. Employees are motivated by a variety of things, and, using Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs to frame the discussion, this lesson will cover what these needs are and how employees can meet them. Learning Objectives: Examine the application of leadership concepts and ethical theories in the business environment. Tone at the Top The leaders of an organization set the tone at the top , which determines the type of organizational culture that will prevail. Tone at the top can be defined as the ethical atmosphere that the organization’s leadership creates in the workplace. The tone that an organization’s leaders set will trickle-down to the rest of the organization’s employees. If the tone at the top makes ethics and integrity a priority, employees will be more likely to espouse those same morals. But if the leaders do not make ethics a priority, employees will be less likely to strive to be ethical because they likely will feel that the organization does not place value on ethical behavior. Research has indicated that employees take note of their leaders’ behavior and actions, and employees strive to model the leaders’ conduct. If an organization is to have an ethical organizational culture, it starts with leadership setting an ethical tone at the top (Association of Certified Fraud Examiners). Tone at the Top The ethical atmosphere that the organization’s leadership creates in the workplace. close Types of Leadership Role Models: The Opportunist In their efforts to be role models, leaders may assume a certain style. This lesson will review four of these styles—the opportunist, diplomat, technician, and achiever. Let’s first look at the opportunist as role model. What Defines an Opportunist?
opportunists tend to be “characterized by mistrust, egocentrism, and manipulativeness.” They argue that such leaders are focused on personal gains and they consider the world around them, including other people, “as opportunities to be exploited” (Rooke and Torbert 2005). Other people are regarded as objects or competitors, and opportunists assume that everyone is a fellow opportunist, out to get what they can for themselves.

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