February 12 - Lower performance anxiety Better skill...

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Psychology Lecture February 14, 2008 Achievement goal theory How success is defined by the individual and within the situation. Three goal orientations: 1) Mastery Goals – Learn new knowledge or skills 2) Ego-approach Goals – competitive orientation 3) Ego-Avoidance Goals – Avoid negative judgment What these goals predict? 1) Mastery Goals a. Exams positive challenge, unrelated to performance 2) Ego-approach Goals a. Predict grades, not course enjoyment 3) Ego-Avoidance Goals a. Exams anxiety-provoking, no interest or enjoyment, poor grades Motivational Climate (Environment) Ego-Involving Climate Comparisons of performers Attention to the best Ability (Not hard work) Outperforming others Mastery-Involving Climate Effort Enjoyment Personal improvement
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Psychology Lecture February 14, 2008 Eff ects of each type: Ego-involving climate: Ability rather than hard work lead to success Satisfaction is gained by outperforming others Mastery-involving climate: Higher intrinsic motivation and enhance perception of learning
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Unformatted text preview: Lower performance anxiety Better skill development and higher performance level Achievement Motivation (Family) Cognitively stimulating home fosters intrinsic motivation Encouragement rewards increases motivation for success Ignoring achievement and punishing failure increases fear of failure Encouraging mastery of skill develops mastery orientation Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation Intrinsic Motivation : Doing something for its own sake Extrinsic Motivation: Doing something for an external reward Which goal orientation is which? Which orientation is best? Combination of Mastery and Ego-Approach Intrinsic Motivation: Mastery Extrinsic Motivation: Ego-approach Ego-avoidance generally bad Effect of rewards on Motivation Psychology Lecture February 14, 2008 Type of task (boring) Type of reward (Praise, works better than just gifts) Expected? Performance-contingent?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PYSCH 101 taught by Professor Shaun during the Spring '08 term at University of Iowa.

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February 12 - Lower performance anxiety Better skill...

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