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February 12 - • Lower performance anxiety • Better...

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Psychology Lecture February 14, 2008 Achievement goal theory How success is defined by the individual and within the situation. Three goal orientations: 1) Mastery Goals – Learn new knowledge or skills 2) Ego-approach Goals – competitive orientation 3) Ego-Avoidance Goals – Avoid negative judgment What these goals predict? 1) Mastery Goals a. Exams positive challenge, unrelated to performance 2) Ego-approach Goals a. Predict grades, not course enjoyment 3) Ego-Avoidance Goals a. Exams anxiety-provoking, no interest or enjoyment, poor grades Motivational Climate (Environment) Ego-Involving Climate Comparisons of performers Attention to the best Ability (Not hard work) Outperforming others Mastery-Involving Climate Effort Enjoyment Personal improvement
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Psychology Lecture February 14, 2008 Eff ects of each type: Ego-involving climate: Ability rather than hard work lead to success Satisfaction is gained by outperforming others Mastery-involving climate: Higher intrinsic motivation and enhance perception of learning
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Unformatted text preview: • Lower performance anxiety • Better skill development and higher performance level Achievement Motivation (Family) • Cognitively stimulating home fosters intrinsic motivation • Encouragement rewards increases motivation for success • Ignoring achievement and punishing failure increases fear of failure • Encouraging mastery of skill develops mastery orientation Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation • Intrinsic Motivation : Doing something for its own sake • Extrinsic Motivation: Doing something for an external reward • Which goal orientation is which? Which orientation is best? • Combination of Mastery and Ego-Approach • Intrinsic Motivation: Mastery • Extrinsic Motivation: Ego-approach • Ego-avoidance generally bad Effect of rewards on Motivation Psychology Lecture February 14, 2008 • Type of task (boring) • Type of reward (Praise, works better than just gifts) • Expected? • Performance-contingent?...
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