Ethiopia national-security-policy-and-strategy.pdf - THE...

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THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATICREPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIAFOREIGN AFFAIRS AND NATIONALSECURITYPOLICY AND STRATEGYMinistry of InformationPress & Audiovisual DepartmentNovember 2002Addis AbabaTable of Contents
PageIntroduction.................................................................................................................1Section 1:Basic Principles1. The Foundation of Foreign Affairs and NationalSecurity Policy…………………............................................................................51.1 Development and the building of a democratic system as a basis forpolicy……………………………......................................................51.2 National pride and prestige as a basis forpolicy.. ..…………….........................................................................91.3 Globalization as a basis for policy..........................................…..192. Objectives of the Foreign Affairs and National Security Policy……………...233. The Foreign Affairs and National Security Strategies.......................................253.1 Devoting the prime focus to activities at home………................253.2 Strategy centered on the economy ………...................................283.3 Full utilization of benefits based on proper analysis....................303.4 Minimizing threats on the basis of proper analysis ……….........323.5 Reducing vulnerability to threats..................................................343.6 Building a reliable defence capability ………...............................40a) Capacity building on the basis of a thorough threatanalysis.................................................................42
b) Building capacity by focusing on manpowerdevelopment ……………………................................................43c) Cost-effective use of financial resources.....................................46d) Ensuring symibiotic linkage between defence expenditureand the economy……………………………….........................47e) Building capacity in the context of economic developmentand current threats …………………………………...................483.7 Building strong implementation capacity...................................49a) Forging national consensus.........................................................50b) Strengthening the professional diplomaticcapability...................................................................................52c) Coordinating and involving those witha role in implementation.............................................................53Section 2:Ethiopia's Relations with Other Countries1. Countries of the Horn of Africa..........................................................................561.1 General ……………...................................................................56a) Significance of neighboring countries to thedevelopment of Ethiopia.........................................................57b) Significance of neighboring countriesto the democratization of Ethiopia ……………….................59c) The impact of Ethiopia's development and democratizationon neighboring countries......................................................60
1.2 Ethiopia's policy towards Eritrea............................................63a) Significance of the links..................................................64b) The Ruling Group, an obstacle to friendly relations……65c) Policy direction...............................................................691.3 Ethiopia's policy towards Somalia.............................................73a) Historical background of relations..................................73b) Significance of the relations............................................75c) Policy direction................................................................771.4 Ethiopia's policy towards The Sudan....................................82a) Historical background of Ethio-Sudan Relations……... 82b) Significance of the Relations.........................................86c) Policy direction..............................................................871.5 Ethiopia's policy towards Djibouti.......................................91a) Historical background of relations …….......................91b) Significance of the relations........................................92c) Problems regarding the relationship..............................93d) Policy direction.............................................................961.6 Ethiopia's policy towards Kenya...........................................99a) Historical background of the relations.........................99b) Significance of the relations.....................................100
c) Problems in the relations.........................................102d) Policy direction........................................................1031.7 Strengthening the IGAD.............................................1052. Relations With Other African Countries.........................................................1062.1 Historical background of the relations........................1062.2 Significance of the relations.......................................1072.3 Policy direction............................................................1103. Relations with Countries of the Middle East....................................................1113.1 General.......................................................................1113.2 Relations with Egypt..................................................117a) Historical background and problems regardingthe relations............................................................117b) Significance of the relations....................................124c) Policy direction.......................................................125

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