Ethiopia national-security-policy-and-strategy.pdf - THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY AND

Ethiopia national-security-policy-and-strategy.pdf - THE...

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THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY AND STRATEGY Ministry of Information Press & Audiovisual Department November 2002 Addis Ababa Table of Contents
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Page Introduction ................................................................................................................. 1 Section 1: Basic Principles 1. The Foundation of Foreign Affairs and National Security Policy …………………. ........................................................................... 5 1.1 Development and the building of a democratic system as a basis for policy…………………………… ...................................................... 5 1.2 National pride and prestige as a basis for policy.. ..…………… ......................................................................... 9 1.3 Globalization as a basis for policy .......................................... …..19 2. Objectives of the Foreign Affairs and National Security Policy ……………... 23 3. The Foreign Affairs and National Security Strategies. ...................................... 25 3.1 Devoting the prime focus to activities at home……… ................ 25 3.2 Strategy centered on the economy ……… ................................... 28 3.3 Full utilization of benefits based on proper analysis .................... 30 3.4 Minimizing threats on the basis of proper analysis ……… ......... 32 3.5 Reducing vulnerability to threats .................................................. 34 3.6 Building a reliable defence capability ……… ............................... 40 a) Capacity building on the basis of a thorough threat analysis ................................................................. 42
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b) Building capacity by focusing on manpower development …………………… ................................................ 43 c) Cost-effective use of financial resources ..................................... 46 d) Ensuring symibiotic linkage between defence expenditure and the economy……………………………… ......................... 47 e) Building capacity in the context of economic development and current threats ………………………………… ................... 48 3.7 Building strong implementation capacity ................................... 49 a) Forging national consensus ......................................................... 50 b) Strengthening the professional diplomatic capability ................................................................................... 52 c) Coordinating and involving those with a role in implementation ............................................................. 53 Section 2: Ethiopia's Relations with Other Countries 1. Countries of the Horn of Africa .......................................................................... 56 1.1 General …………… ................................................................... 56 a) Significance of neighboring countries to the development of Ethiopia ......................................................... 57 b) Significance of neighboring countries to the democratization of Ethiopia ……………… ................. 59 c) The impact of Ethiopia's development and democratization on neighboring countries ...................................................... 60
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1.2 Ethiopia's policy towards Eritrea ............................................ 63 a) Significance of the links .................................................. 64 b) The Ruling Group, an obstacle to friendly relations……65 c) Policy direction ............................................................... 69 1.3 Ethiopia's policy towards Somalia ............................................. 73 a) Historical background of relations .................................. 73 b) Significance of the relations ............................................ 75 c) Policy direction ................................................................ 77 1.4 Ethiopia's policy towards The Sudan .................................... 82 a) Historical background of Ethio-Sudan Relations……... 82 b) Significance of the Relations ......................................... 86 c) Policy direction .............................................................. 87 1.5 Ethiopia's policy towards Djibouti ....................................... 91 a) Historical background of relations …… ....................... 91 b) Significance of the relations ........................................ 92 c) Problems regarding the relationship .............................. 93 d) Policy direction ............................................................. 96 1.6 Ethiopia's policy towards Kenya ........................................... 99 a) Historical background of the relations ......................... 99 b) Significance of the relations ..................................... 100
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c) Problems in the relations ......................................... 102 d) Policy direction ........................................................ 103 1.7 Strengthening the IGAD ............................................. 105 2. Relations With Other African Countries ......................................................... 106 2.1 Historical background of the relations ........................ 106 2.2 Significance of the relations ....................................... 107 2.3 Policy direction ............................................................ 110 3. Relations with Countries of the Middle East .................................................... 111 3.1 General ....................................................................... 111 3.2 Relations with Egypt .................................................. 117 a) Historical background and problems regarding the relations ............................................................ 117 b) Significance of the relations .................................... 124 c) Policy direction ....................................................... 125 3.3 Relations with Arabian Peninsula Countries
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