Exam 1 Study Guide, SP20.docx - Sociology 100 Exam 1 Study...

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Sociology 100 Exam 1 Study Guide Maher - Spring 2020 Concepts: Power. A person’s ability to exercise their will even against the resistance of others Looking glass self. How our sense of self develops. We imagine how we appear to those around us, we interpret others’ reactions and we develop a self-concept. Variable. Measurable versions of abstract concepts and ideas. Example: income is a measurable version of social class. Hawthorne Effect. Where people change their behavior because they know they are being watched/studied. Values. Ideas held by individuals or groups about what is desirable, proper, good and bad. Norms. Expectations, or rules of behavior, that everyone is expected to observe. Material Culture. Physical things that reflect the broader culture. Example: Purdue’s material culture is Harry’s chocolate shop or the bell tower. Non-material culture. A group’s way of thinking (beliefs, values, and assumptions) and common patterns of behavior (language, gestures, and other forms of interaction). Sanctions. The positive or negative reactions to how people follow norms. Can be formal or informal. Positive sanctions (expression of approval) and negative sanctions (disapproval for breaking a norm). “The self”. A role one is playing and selling to an audience. It varies across context (plays) and the “self” that we portray depends on the definition of the situation (what roles are called for by the context). Roles. What an actor does in status, i.e. the function/part played by a person in a situation.
The Sociological Imagination 1. What is the sociological imagination, and what does it mean to think sociologically? Be sure to be able to identify examples of when someone is using (or is failing to use) their sociological imagination.
2. What are the core components of sociology (that is, what are the pillars that it stands on)? Why do we need both components?

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