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DEFINING CULTURAL Lecture, 5/31/05 ASB222 - Summer I This course examines the nature of archaeology and its use as a discipline in examining the evolution of civilizations. It is the tool that we will use to try and help us answer the questions: Who do you think you are? Where did you come from? Archaeology, as one of the four subfields of anthropology, will provide information of actual finds, supplemented by the other subfields: Culture, Language, and Biology. As we go through this course Culture, more so than the other three subfields, will be constantly brought to bear. Culture can be defined in many ways. Cultural Anthropology, the study of contemporary human societies, offers a definition that states that culture is the shared, learned, symbolic, integrated, adaptive set of behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, values and ideals common to a particular group. A classic definition : Culture is "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, customs and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society" (Tylor, 1871).
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