begininng of history paper

begininng of history paper - Max Miller May 21, 2005...

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Max Miller May 21, 2005 History 11-1 Mr. Levy Black Soldiers in the Civil War During the Civil War, Black Soldiers were more crucial to the Union’s  success than their white counterparts because of their motivation to help their  southern brethren, their sheer numbers, and their drive to succeed and be  treated as free men. Until the summer of 1862, federal law prohibited blacks from becoming  soldiers, but when congress repealed that law, blacks began to enlist in the  Union   Army. 1   Even   blacks   that   weren’t   soldiers   helped   the   Union   by  destroying their master’s fields in the south. 2  At first, black volunteers were  commanded by white officials, but later on they were switched to all black  regiments   with   black   commanding   officials.   On   July   17,   1862,   congress  passed the “2 nd  Confiscation Militia Act,” freeing slaves who had masters in  1  Davidson, James West, and Mark H. Lytle. The United States: A History of the Republic Page 341, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1988. 2  Smith, John David. Black Voices from Reconstruction . Page 12, Brookfield, Connecticut: The Millwood Press, 1996. 1 of 10
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the   Confederate   Army. 3   From   the   beginning   of   the   war,   many   blacks  volunteered as “cooks, drivers, carpenters, and scouts for the Union army,  not only out of patriotism but also to be recognized as full partners in the  nation and the war effort.” 4   Even before they were emancipated, blacks  played an important role in the Union Army. Although they were not citizens  yet, and could not be considered soldiers they still fought alongside northern  whites against the Confederate Army. On January 1, 1863, Abraham Lincoln  announced the Emancipation Proclamation, in which all slaves were to be  considered free. Now at this time the Union was fighting to end slavery.  Recruitment   of   black   soldiers   into   the   Union   Army   began   after   the  Emancipation Proclamation. 5   The Bureau of Colored troops was the main  source that recruited thousands of blacks during the Civil War to fight for the  Union Army. 6 3 . “Buffalo Soldiers.” Received on March 1, 2005. 4  Davidson and Lytle; Page 341 5  Streissguth, Thomas. The Civil War: The North . Page 114, San Diego, California: Greenhaven Press, Inc., 2001.
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begininng of history paper - Max Miller May 21, 2005...

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