Case Study: The movement of Turkish workers into GermanyInternational Migration is the movement of people from one country to another. Over the last 300 years there have been many different streams of migration as people move from one country to another. The decision to make a migration move from one place to another is not one that people will take lightly and there are many different factors that will persuade someone to either go or stay. Voluntary migrationis seen as being when someone makes a free choice to migrate. They are looking for a better life, a better standard of living, better personal freedom. They might be looking for the chance of a better job, to earn a better salary or maybe to avoid paying tax! They might be looking for a move to abetter climate – for sunshine at the end of a long working life or they might be moving so that they have easier access to hospitals, schools and other sources ofentertainment. For many migrants these are PULL factors that pull them towardsa particular place as if they were undergoing a magnetic attraction. They can be blinded by the ‘bright lights of the big city’ - they only see the positive features and ignore any negative reports.
Forced migration is when the migrant has no personal choice in the decision to move. This is a PUSH factor as the person is pushed physically from an area perhaps due to a natural disaster, economic problems or war, racial discriminationor perhaps when overpopulation has pushed resources in an area to their limit creating famine, starvation and desertification in an area. International Migration is not a new phenomenon. Migration has been responsible for the spread of people across the world since time began. No country and no part of the world has been unaffected by migration but some countries like the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand have been more heavily influenced by recent migratory movements than many other places. Migration can bring both positive and negative impacts both to the people in the origin country and in the destination country.