“High NoonJune 4, 1989”-Solidarity campaign poster for the first free elections in Poland.
After the Civil War, the area west of the Mississippi River was settled by miners, ranchers, and farmers Land use in 1860Land use in 1880
Mining was the first industry to attract settlers to the West after the Civil War After the Civil War, miners resumed their migration into the West to find more gold and silverBefore the Civil War, miners discovered gold in California, Colorado, Nevada
Some miners found huge discoveries of gold and silverBy 1880, miners at the Comstock Lode extracted $270 million in gold and $400 million in silverSilver miners in Leadville, CO
In the Gilded Age, mining corporations used expensive hydraulic mining techniques to extract most of the gold and silver in the West
Mining towns helped develop the West because each town created a need for businesses and government
After the Civil War, demand for beef led to a cattle boom in the WestRanchers drove longhorn cattle across the open range to railroad towns
Cattle bought for $4 in Texas were driven 3 months across the open rangeCattle were sold in Western cattle towns like Dodge City for $40.....and shipped by train to meatpacking plants in cities like Chicago Cattle drives led to new towns in the WestDodge City, Kansas
Cattle ranching faced difficulties by the 1880sThe open range was closing as farmers used new barbed wire fencing to close off their farmsOvergrazing and drought left little grassland for grazing cattle By 1900, the glory days of the cowboy were over
The majority of migrants into the west were farmers In 1862, Congress passed the Homestead Act, giving 160 acres of free western land to anyone who promised to farm the land for 5 yearsHundreds of thousands of migrants moved into the Great Plains to gain free farm land
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Homestead life was difficult on the Great Plains Farming was difficult, but homesteaders learned dry farming techniques and planted new varieties of crops
The Reality--A Pioneer’s Sod The Reality--A Pioneer’s Sod House, SDHouse, SDThe Reality--A Pioneer’s Sod The Reality--A Pioneer’s Sod House, SDHouse, SD
Homesteaders built sod houses because of the lack of trees in the Plains 60% of homesteaders failed to make it the required 5 years……but those who were successful transformed America into a food exporter Tornados and droughts were constant problems