7.1 Gilded Age--The West (2018).ppt - THE WEST Land of Legend and Legacy \u201cHigh Noon June 4 1989\u201dSolidarity campaign poster for the first free

7.1 Gilded Age--The West (2018).ppt - THE WEST Land of...

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THE WEST: Land of Legend and Legacy
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“High Noon June 4, 1989”- Solidarity campaign poster for the first free elections in Poland.
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After the Civil War, the area west of the Mississippi River was settled by miners, ranchers, and farmers Land use in 1860 Land use in 1880
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Mining was the first industry to attract settlers to the West after the Civil War After the Civil War, miners resumed their migration into the West to find more gold and silver Before the Civil War, miners discovered gold in California, Colorado, Nevada
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Some miners found huge discoveries of gold and silver By 1880, miners at the Comstock Lode extracted $270 million in gold and $400 million in silver Silver miners in Leadville, CO
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In the Gilded Age, mining corporations used expensive hydraulic mining techniques to extract most of the gold and silver in the West
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Mining towns helped develop the West because each town created a need for businesses and government
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After the Civil War, demand for beef led to a cattle boom in the West Ranchers drove longhorn cattle across the open range to railroad towns
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Cattle bought for $4 in Texas were driven 3 months across the open range Cattle were sold in Western cattle towns like Dodge City for $40... ..and shipped by train to meatpacking plants in cities like Chicago Cattle drives led to new towns in the West Dodge City, Kansas
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Cattle ranching faced difficulties by the 1880s The open range was closing as farmers used new barbed wire fencing to close off their farms Overgrazing and drought left little grassland for grazing cattle By 1900, the glory days of the cowboy were over
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The majority of migrants into the west were farmers In 1862, Congress passed the Homestead Act, giving 160 acres of free western land to anyone who promised to farm the land for 5 years Hundreds of thousands of migrants moved into the Great Plains to gain free farm land
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What is the Message of this What is the Message of this Picture? Picture? What is the Message of this What is the Message of this Picture? Picture?
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Homestead life was difficult on the Great Plains Farming was difficult, but homesteaders learned dry farming techniques and planted new varieties of crops
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The Reality--A Pioneer’s Sod The Reality--A Pioneer’s Sod House, SD House, SD The Reality--A Pioneer’s Sod The Reality--A Pioneer’s Sod House, SD House, SD
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Homesteaders built sod houses because of the lack of trees in the Plains 60% of homesteaders failed to make it the required 5 years… …but those who were successful transformed America into a food exporter Tornados and droughts were constant problems
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