07-key-indicators-2014-chapter7.docx - 7 Education and...

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7Education and training Strategic areas for actionGovernanceand leadershipand cultureEarly childdevelopmentEducation andtrainingHealthylivesEconomicparticipationHomeenvironmentSafe andsupportivecommunities7.1 Year 1 to 10 attendance7.2 Teacher quality7.3 School engagement7.4 Transition from school to workEducation is a life-long activity, beginning with learning and development in the homethrough to the more formal settings of school education, vocational education and training(VET) and higher education. Education and training aims to develop the capacities andtalents of students, so they have the necessary knowledge, understanding, skills and valuesfor a productive and rewarding life. Actions in this strategic area can help strengthencommunities and regions both economically and socially, and there are strong linksbetween higher levels of education and improved health outcomes.The indicators in this strategic area for action focus on the key factors that contribute topositive education and training outcomes, as well as measures of the outcomes themselves:school attendance (section 7.1) — there is a direct relationship between days attendingschool and academic performanceteacher quality (section 7.2) — the quality of teaching is a key determinant of studentoutcomes. However, defining and measuring teacher quality is difficult. This sectiondiscusses research into the determinants of teacher quality and identifies data that couldbe used for future reportingschool engagement (section 7.3) — school attendance alone is unlikely to be enough toimprove students’ educational outcomes. Although defining and measuring studentengagement with schooling is complex, research suggests that relevant dimensionsinclude positive self-identity, belonging, participation, and attendance transition from school to work (section 7.4) — the transition from school to work is acritical period. Young people who are actively engaged in education and training, oremployed, are at a lower risk of long term disadvantage.EDUCATION AND TRAINING7.1
Several COAG targets and headline indicators reflect the importance of education andtraining:early childhood education (section 4.3)reading, writing and numeracy (section 4.4)year 12 attainment (section 4.5)post-secondary education — participation and attainment (section 4.7).Other COAG targets and headline indicators can be directly influenced by education andtraining outcomes:employment (section 4.6)household and individual income (section 4.9).Outcomes in the education and training area can be affected by outcomes in several otherstrategic areas, or can influence outcomes in other areas:governance, leadership and culture (governance capacity and skills) (chapter 5)early child development (basic skills for life and learning, ear health) (chapter 6)healthy lives (access to primary health care and fewer potentially preventablehospitalisations will affect education outcomes, while education outcomes can

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